Volume 622, February 2019
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Letters to the Editor|
|Published online||15 February 2019|
Letter to the Editor
Extended stellar systems in the solar neighborhood
II. Discovery of a nearby 120° stellar stream in Gaia DR2⋆
Department of Astrophysics, University of Vienna, Türkenschanzstrasse 17, 1180 Wien, Austria
2 Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University, 10 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
3 Data Science at Uni Vienna, Faculty of Earth Sciences Geography and Astronomy, University of Vienna, Austria
Accepted: 17 January 2019
We report the discovery of a large, dynamically cold, coeval stellar stream that is currently traversing the immediate solar neighborhood at a distance of only 100 pc. The structure was identified in a wavelet decomposition of the 3D velocity space of all stars within 300 pc of the Sun. Its members form a highly elongated structure with a length of at least 400 pc, while its vertical extent measures only about 50 pc. Stars in the stream are not isotropically distributed but instead form two parallel lanes with individual local overdensities, that may correspond to a remnant core of a tidally disrupted cluster or OB association. Its members follow a very well-defined main sequence in the observational Hertzsprung–Russel diagram and also show a remarkably low 3D velocity dispersion of only 1.3 km s−1. These findings strongly suggest a common origin as a single coeval stellar population. An extrapolation of the present-day mass function indicates a total mass of at least 2000 M⊙, making it larger than most currently known clusters or associations in the solar neighborhood. We estimated the age of the stream to be around 1 Gyr based on a comparison with a set of isochrones and giant stars in our member selection and find a mean metallicity of [Fe/H] = −0.04. This structure may very well represent the Galactic disk counterpart to the prominent stellar streams observed in the Milky Way halo. As such, it constitutes a new valuable probe to constrain the Galaxy’s mass distribution.
Key words: stars: kinematics and dynamics / solar neighborhood / open clusters and associations: general
Full Table A.1 is only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (18.104.22.168) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/622/L13
© ESO 2019
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