Modeling and removal of optical ghosts in the PROBA-3/ASPIICS externally occulted solar coronagraph
Solar-Terrestrial Centre of Excellence – SIDC, Royal Observatory of Belgium, Avenue Circulaire 3, 1180 Brussels, Belgium
2 Lebedev Physical Institute, Leninskii prospekt, 53, 119991 Moscow, Russia
3 Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics, Moscow State University, Leninskie gory, 119991 Moscow, Russia
4 Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, CO 80305, USA
5 National Centers for Environmental Information, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Boulder, CO 80305, USA
Accepted: 8 December 2018
Context. ASPIICS is a novel externally occulted solar coronagraph, which will be launched onboard the PROBA-3 mission of the European Space Agency. The external occulter will be placed on the first satellite ∼150 m ahead of the second satellite that will carry an optical instrument. For 6 h per orbit, the satellites will fly in a precise formation, constituting a giant externally occulted coronagraph. The large distance between the external occulter and the primary objective will allow observations of the white-light solar corona starting from extremely low heights ∼1.1 R⊙.
Aims. We aim to analyze the possible influence of optical ghost images formed inside the telescope and to develop an algorithm for their removal.
Methods. We implement the optical layout of ASPIICS in Zemax and study the ghost behavior in sequential and nonsequential regimes. We identify sources of the ghost contributions and analyze their geometrical behavior. Finally we develop a mathematical model and software to calculate ghost images for any given input image.
Results. We show that ghost light can be important in the outer part of the field of view, where the coronal signal is weak, since the energy of bright inner corona is redistributed to the outer corona. However, the model allows for the ghost contribution to be removed. Due to the large distance between the external occulter and the primary objective, the primary objective does not produce a significant ghost. The use of the Lyot spot in ASPIICS is not necessary.
Key words: Sun: corona / instrumentation: high angular resolution / telescopes / methods: numerical
© ESO 2019