Gravitational waves from post-merger radially oscillating millisecond pulsars
School of Astronomy and Space Science, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, PR China
2 Key Laboratory of Modern Astronomy and Astrophysics, Nanjing University, Ministry of Education, PR China
Accepted: 14 January 2019
Observations of short-duration gamma-ray bursts and their afterglows show that a good fraction (perhaps ≳50%) of binary neutron star mergers lead to strongly magnetized, rapidly rotating pulsars (including millisecond magnetars), no matter whether the pulsar remnants are short- or long-lived. Such compact objects are very likely to have significant radial oscillations and high interior temperatures, as indicated in recent numerical simulations. In this paper, we have investigated rotation-induced gravitational radiation from possibly existing, radially oscillating pulsars after binary neutron star mergers, and find that this mechanism can efficiently damp the radial oscillations. The resulting gravitational waves (GWs) could have a non-negligible contribution to the high-frequency spectrum. We provide an order-of-magnitude estimate of the event rate and suggest that such GW events would be detectable with the advanced LIGO/Virgo or next-generation detectors. Our discussion can also be applied to newborn, radially oscillating, millisecond pulsars formed through the other astrophysical processes.
Key words: gravitational waves / pulsars: general / stars: neutron / stars: oscillations
© ESO 2019