Volume 622, February 2019
LOFAR Surveys: a new window on the Universe
|Number of page(s)||22|
|Section||Catalogs and data|
|Published online||19 February 2019|
LOFAR observations of the XMM-LSS field⋆
University of Oxford, Denys Wilkinson Building, Keble Road, Oxford OX1 3RH, UK
2 Centre for Astrophysics Research, School of Physics, Astronomy and Mathematics, University of Hertfordshire, College Lane, Hatfield AL10 9AB, UK
3 Department for Physics, University of the Western Cape, Bellville 7535, South Africa
4 Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, PO Box 9513, 2300 RA Leiden, The Netherlands
5 GEPI and USN, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, 5 Place Jules Janssen, 92190 Meudon, France
6 Department of Physics and Electronics, Rhodes University, PO Box 94 Grahamstown 6140, South Africa
7 SUPA, Institute for Astronomy, Royal Observatory, Blackford Hill, Edinburgh EH9 3HJ, UK
8 INAF – Istituto di Radioastronomia, Via P. Gobetti 101, 40129 Bologna, Italy
Accepted: 27 October 2018
We present observations of the XMM Large-Scale Structure (XMM-LSS) field observed with the LOw Frequency ARray (LOFAR) at 120–168 MHz. Centred at a J2000 declination of −4.5°, this is a challenging field to observe with LOFAR because of its low elevation with respect to the array. The low elevation of this field reduces the effective collecting area of the telescope, thereby reducing sensitivity. This low elevation also causes the primary beam to be elongated in the north-south direction, which can introduce side lobes in the synthesised beam in this direction. However the XMM-LSS field is a key field to study because of the wealth of ancillary information, encompassing most of the electromagnetic spectrum. The field was observed for a total of 12 h from three four-hour LOFAR tracks using the Dutch array. The final image presented encompasses ∼27 deg2, which is the region of the observations with a >50% primary beam response. Once combined, the observations reach a central rms of 280 μJy beam−1 at 144 MHz and have an angular resolution of 7.5 × 8.5″. We present our catalogue of detected sources and investigate how our observations compare to previous radio observations. This includes investigating the flux scale calibration of these observations compared to previous measurements, the implied spectral indices of the sources, the observed source counts and corrections to obtain the true source counts, and finally the clustering of the observed radio sources.
Key words: catalogs / radio continuum: galaxies / radio continuum: general / galaxies: active
The catalogue is only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (184.108.40.206) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/622/A4
© ESO 2019
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