Volume 620, December 2018
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Letters to the Editor|
|Published online||10 December 2018|
Letter to the Editor
Origin of the asymmetry of the wind driven halo observed in high-contrast images
Max Planck Institute for Astronomy, Königstuhl 17, 69117
2 Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, PO Box 9513 2300 RA Leiden, The Netherlands
3 Aix-Marseille Univ., CNRS, CNES, LAM, Marseille, France
4 ONERA – The French Aerospace Lab, 92322 Châtillon, France
5 European Southern Observatory (ESO), Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 2, 85748 Garching, Germany
6 Centre for Advanced Instrumentation, Durham University, South Road, Durham, DH1 3LE UK
7 European Southern Observatory (ESO), Alonso de Córdova 3107, Vitacura, Casilla, 19001 Santiago, Chile
Accepted: 27 October 2018
The latest generation of high-contrast instruments dedicated to exoplanets and circumstellar disk imaging are equipped with extreme adaptive optics and coronagraphs to reach contrasts of up to 10−4 at a few tenths of arcseconds in the near-infrared. The resulting image shows faint features, only revealed with this combination, such as the wind driven halo. The wind driven halo is due to the lag between the adaptive optics correction and the turbulence speed over the telescope pupil. However, we observe an asymmetry of this wind driven halo that was not expected when the instrument was designed. In this letter, we describe and demonstrate the physical origin of this asymmetry and support our explanation by simulating the asymmetry with an end-to-end approach. From this work, we find that the observed asymmetry is explained by the interference between the AO-lag error and scintillation effects, mainly originating from the fast jet stream layer located at about 12 km in altitude. Now identified and interpreted, this effect can be taken into account for further design of high-contrast imaging simulators, next generation or upgrade of high-contrast instruments, predictive control algorithms for adaptive optics, or image post-processing techniques.
Key words: instrumentation: adaptive optics / instrumentation: high angular resolution / atmospheric effects / techniques: image processing / methods: data analysis / infrared: planetary systems
© ESO 2018
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