Volume 620, December 2018
|Number of page(s)||21|
|Section||Stellar structure and evolution|
|Published online||04 December 2018|
Orbital properties of binary post-AGB stars⋆
1 Instituut voor Sterrenkunde (IvS), KU Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 200D, 3001 Leuven, Belgium
2 Department of Astrophysics/IMAPP, Radboud University, PO Box 9010 6500 GL Nijmegen, The Netherlands
3 Institut d’Astronomie et d’Astrophysique, Université Libre de Bruxelles, ULB, Campus Plaine C.P. 226, Boulevard du Triomphe, 1050 Bruxelles, Belgium
4 Department of Physics & Astronomy, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW, 2109 Australia
5 Astronomy, Astrophysics and Astrophotonics Research Centre, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW, 2109 Australia
Accepted: 3 October 2018
Binary post-asymptotic giant branch (post-AGB) stars are thought to be the products of a strong but poorly understood interaction during the AGB phase. The aim of this contribution is to update the orbital elements of a sample of galactic post-AGB binaries observed in a long-term radial-velocity monitoring campaign by analysing these systems in a homogeneous way. Radial velocities are computed from high signal-to-noise spectra via a cross-correlation method. The radial-velocity curves are fitted by using both a least-squares algorithm and a Nelder–Mead simplex algorithm. We use a Monte Carlo method to compute uncertainties on the orbital elements. The resulting mass functions are used to derive a companion mass distribution by optimising the predicted to the observed cumulative mass-function distributions, after correcting for observational bias. As a result, we derive and update orbital elements for 33 galactic post-AGB binaries, among which 3 are new orbits. The orbital periods of the systems range from 100 to about 3000 days. Over 70% (23 out of 33) of our binaries have significant non-zero eccentricities ranging over all periods. Their orbits are non-circular even though the Roche-lobe radii are smaller than the maximum size of a typical AGB star and tidal circularisation should have been strong when the objects were on the AGB. We derive a distribution of companion masses that is peaked around 1.09 M⊙ with a standard deviation of 0.62 M⊙. The large spread in companion masses highlights the diversity of post-AGB binary systems. Post-AGB binaries are often chemically peculiar, showing in their photospheres the result of an accretion process of circumstellar gas devoid of refractory elements. We find that only post-AGB stars with high effective temperatures (> 5500 K) in wide orbits are depleted in refractory elements, suggesting that re-accretion of material from a circumbinary disc is an ongoing process. It appears, however, that depletion is inefficient for the closest orbits irrespective of the actual surface temperature.
Key words: stars: AGB and post-AGB / binaries: spectroscopic / circumstellar matter
Radial velocity data are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (126.96.36.199) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/620/A85
© ESO 2018
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