Volume 620, December 2018
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Section||Stellar structure and evolution|
|Published online||27 November 2018|
Dynamical masses of M-dwarf binaries in young moving groups
II. Toward empirical mass-luminosity isochrones⋆
Department of Astronomy, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden
2 Astrophysics Research Center, Queens University Belfast, Belfast, UK
3 Univ. Grenoble Alpes, IPAG, Grenoble, France
4 Institut für Astro- und Teilchenphysik, Universität Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria
5 Department of Astrophysics, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria
6 LESIA, Observatoire de Paris, Meudon, France
7 Max Planck Institute for Astronomy, Heidelberg, Germany
8 Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MA, USA
Accepted: 19 September 2018
Low-mass stars exhibit substantial pre-main sequence evolution during the first ∼100 Myr of their lives. Thus, young M-type stars are prime targets for isochronal dating, especially in young moving groups (YMGs), which contain large amounts of stars in this mass and age range. If the mass and luminosity of a star can both be directly determined, this allows for a particularly robust isochronal analysis. This motivates in-depth studies of low-mass binaries with spatially resolvable orbits, where dynamical masses can be derived. Here we present the results of an observing campaign dedicated to orbital monitoring of AB Dor Ba/Bb, which is a close M-dwarf pair within the quadruple AB Dor system. We have acquired eight astrometric epochs with the SPHERE/ZIMPOL and NACO instruments, which we combine with literature data to improve the robustness and precision for the orbital characterization of the pair. We find a system mass 0.66−0.12+0.12 M⊙ and bolometric luminosities in logL/L⊙ of −2.02 ± 0.02 and −2.11 ± 0.02 for AB Dor Ba and Bb, respectively. These measurements are combined with other YMG pairs in the literature to start building a framework of empirical isochrones in mass–luminosity space. This can be used to calibrate theoretical isochrones and to provide a model-free basis for assessing relative stellar ages. We note a tentative emerging trend where the youngest moving group members are largely consistent with theoretical expectations, while stars in older associations such as the AB Dor moving group appear to be systematically underluminous relative to isochronal expectations.
Key words: binaries: visual / stars: low-mass / stars: pre-main sequence
© ESO 2018
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