Optical observations of NEA 3200 Phaethon (1983 TB) during the 2017 apparition★
Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute,
Daejeon 34055, Korea
2 Chungbuk National University, 1 Chungdae-ro, Seowon-gu, Cheongju, Chungbuk 28644, Korea
3 Planetary Exploration Research Center, Chiba Institute of Technology, 2-17-1 Tsudanuma, Narashino, Chiba 275-0016, Japan
4 Astronomical Observatory Institute, Faculty of Physics, Adam Mickiewicz University, Słoneczna 36, 60-286 Poznań, Poland
5 University of Science and Technology, 217, Gajeong-ro, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 34113, Korea
6 Chungbuk National University Observatory, 802-3 Euntan-ri, Jincheon-gun, Chungcheongbuk-do, Korea
7 Fesenkov Astrophysical Institute, Observatory 23, 050020 Almaty, Kazakhstan
8 Ulugh Beg Astronomical Institute of the Uzbekistan Academy of Sciences, 33 Astronomicheskaya str., Tashkent, 100052, Uzbekistan
9 Institute of Astronomy, National Central University, No. 300, Zhongda Rd., Zhongli Dist., Taoyuan City 32001, Taiwan
10 Tokyo Meteor Network, Daisawa 1–27–5, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo 155–0032, Japan
11 National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, Osawa 2-21-1, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588, Japan
12 Japan Spaceguard Association, Bisei Spaceguard Center, 1716-3 Okura, Bisei-cho, Ibara, Okayama 714-1411, Japan
13 Seoul National University, 1 Gwanak-ro, Gwanak-gu, Seoul 08826, Korea
Accepted: 30 August 2018
Context. The near-Earth asteroid 3200 Phaethon (1983 TB) is an attractive object not only from a scientific viewpoint but also because of JAXA’s DESTINY+ target. The rotational lightcurve and spin properties were investigated based on the data obtained in the ground-based observation campaign of Phaethon.
Aims. We aim to refine the lightcurves and shape model of Phaethon using all available lightcurve datasets obtained via optical observation, as well as our time-series observation data from the 2017 apparition.
Methods. Using eight 12-m telescopes and an optical imager, we acquired the optical lightcurves and derived the spin parameters of Phaethon. We applied the lightcurve inversion method and SAGE algorithm to deduce the convex and non-convex shape model and pole orientations.
Results. We analysed the optical lightcurve of Phaethon and derived a synodic and a sidereal rotational periods of 3.6039 h, with an axis ratio of a∕b = 1.07. The ecliptic longitude (λp) and latitude (βp) of the pole orientation were determined as (308°, −52°) and (322°, −40°) via two independent methods. A non-convex model from the SAGE method, which exhibits a concavity feature, is also presented.
Key words: minor planets, asteroids: individual: 3200 Phaethon
Photometric data are only available in electronic form at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (18.104.22.168) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/619/A123
© ESO 2018