Volume 619, November 2018
|Number of page(s)||24|
|Section||Interstellar and circumstellar matter|
|Published online||21 November 2018|
SEDIGISM: the kinematics of ATLASGAL filaments★
Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie,
Auf dem Hügel 69,
53121 Bonn, Germany
2 Haystack Observatory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 99 Millstone Road, Westford, MA 01886, USA
3 School of Physical Sciences, University of Kent, Ingram Building, Canterbury, Kent CT2 7NH, UK
4 INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Cagliari, Via della Scienza 5, 09047 Selargius (CA), Italy
5 INAF – Istituto di Radioastronomia, and Italian ALMA Regional Centre, Via P. Gobetti 101, 40129 Bologna, Italy
6 Astronomy Department, University of Florida, PO Box 112055, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
7 School of Science and Technology, University of New England, NSW 2351 Armidale, Australia
8 Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie, Königstuhl 17, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany
9 Departamento de Astronomía, Universidad de Chile, Casilla 36-D, Santiago, Chile
10 School of Physics and Astronomy, Cardiff University, Queens Buildings, The Parade, Cardiff CF24 3AA, UK
11 Department of Space, Earth and Environment, Chalmers University of Technology, Onsala Space Observatory, 439 92 Onsala, Sweden
12 Istituto di Astrofisica e Planetologia Spaziali, INAF, Via Fosso del Cavaliere 100, 00133 Roma, Italy
13 AIM, CEA, CNRS, Université Paris-Saclay, Université Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cité, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette, France
Accepted: 21 August 2018
Analyzing the kinematics of filamentary molecular clouds is a crucial step toward understanding their role in the star formation process. Therefore, we study the kinematics of 283 filament candidates in the inner Galaxy, that were previously identified in the ATLASGAL dust continuum data. The 13CO(2 – 1) and C18O(2 – 1) data of the SEDIGISM survey (Structure, Excitation, and Dynamics of the Inner Galactic Inter Stellar Medium) allows us to analyze the kinematics of these targets and to determine their physical properties at a resolution of 30′′ and 0.25 km s−1. To do so, we developed an automated algorithm to identify all velocity components along the line-of-sight correlated with the ATLASGAL dust emission, and derive size, mass, and kinematic properties for all velocity components. We find two-third of the filament candidates are coherent structures in position-position-velocity space. The remaining candidates appear to be the result of a superposition of two or three filamentary structures along the line-of-sight. At the resolution of the data, on average the filaments are in agreement with Plummer-like radial density profiles with a power-law exponent of p ≈ 1.5 ± 0.5, indicating that they are typically embedded in a molecular cloud and do not have a well-defined outer radius. Also, we find a correlation between the observed mass per unit length and the velocity dispersion of the filament of m ∝ σv2. We show that this relation can be explained by a virial balance between self-gravity and pressure. Another possible explanation could be radial collapse of the filament, where we can exclude infall motions close to the free-fall velocity.
Key words: molecular data / methods: data analysis / stars: formation / ISM: clouds / ISM: kinematics and dynamics / submillimeter: ISM
Tables 5 and 6 are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (18.104.22.168) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/619/A166
© ESO 2018
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