Gaia Data Release 2
Photometric content and validation
Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA,
2 Institut del Ciències del Cosmos (ICC), Universitat de Barcelona (IEEC-UB), c/ Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain
3 INAF – Osservatorio di Astrofisica e Scienza dello Spazio di Bologna, via Gobetti 93/3, 40129 Bologna, Italy
4 Institute for Astronomy, University of Edinburgh, Royal Observatory, Blackford Hill, Edinburgh EH9 3HJ, UK
5 Kavli Institute for Cosmology Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK
6 INAF - Osservatorio Astronofisico di Arcetri, Largo Enrico Fermi 5, 50125 Firenze, Italy
7 Space Science Data Center - ASI, Via del Politecnico SNC, 00133 Roma, Italy
8 STFC, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Harwell, Didcot OX11 0QX, UK
9 INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma, Via Frascati 33, 00078 Monte Porzio Catone (Roma), Italy
10 Leicester Institute of Space and Earth Observation and Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leicester, University Road, Leicester LE1 7RH, UK
11 Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, Niels Bohrweg 2, 2333 CA Leiden, The Netherlands
12 INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico d’Abruzzo, Via Mentore Maggini SNC, 64100 Teramo, Italy
13 Laboratoire d’Astrophysique de Bordeaux, Univ. Bordeaux, CNRS, B18N, Allée Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 33615 Pessac, France
14 Department of Astronomy, University of Geneva, Ch. des Maillettes 51, 1290 Versoix, Switzerland
15 Department of Astronomy, University of Geneva, Ch. d’Ecogia 16, 1290 Versoix, Switzerland
16 McWilliams Center for Cosmology, Carnegie Mellon University, 5000 Forbes Ave, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
17 Institut d’Estudis Espacials de Catalunya (IEEC), C/ Gran Capità 2-4, 08034 Barcelona, Spain
18 Department of Astrophysics/IMAPP, Radboud University, PO Box 9010, 6500GL Nijmegen, The Netherlands
19 Warsaw University Astronomical Observatory, Al. Ujazdowskie 4, 00-478 Warszawa, Poland
Accepted: 9 March 2018
Aims. We describe the photometric content of the second data release of the Gaia project (Gaia DR2) and its validation along with the quality of the data.
Methods. The validation was mainly carried out using an internal analysis of the photometry. External comparisons were also made, but were limited by the precision and systematics that may be present in the external catalogues used.
Results. In addition to the photometric quality assessment, we present the best estimates of the three photometric passbands. Various colour-colour transformations are also derived to enable the users to convert between the Gaia and commonly used passbands.
Conclusions. The internal analysis of the data shows that the photometric calibrations can reach a precision as low as 2 mmag on individual CCD measurements. Other tests show that systematic effects are present in the data at the 10 mmag level.
Key words: catalogs / surveys / instrumentation: photometers / techniques: photometric / galaxies: general
© ESO 2018