Volume 615, July 2018
|Number of page(s)||13|
|Section||Galactic structure, stellar clusters and populations|
|Published online||02 August 2018|
Institute of Theoretical Physics and Astronomy, Vilnius University,
Saulėtekio al. 3,
2 Nicolaus Copernicus Astronomical Center, Polish Academy of Sciences, Bartycka 18, 00-716 Warsaw, Poland
Accepted: 29 March 2018
Context. Homogeneous investigations of red giant stars in open clusters contribute to studies of internal evolutionary mixing processes inside stars, which are reflected in abundances of mixing-sensitive chemical elements like carbon, nitrogen, and sodium, while α- and neutron-capture element abundances are useful in tracing the Galactic chemical evolution.
Aims. The main aim of this study is a comprehensive chemical analysis of red giant stars in the open cluster IC 4756, including determinations of 12C∕13C and C/N abundance ratios, and comparisons of the results with theoretical models of stellar and Galactic chemical evolution.
Methods. We used a classical differential model atmosphere method to analyse high-resolution spectra obtained with the FEROS spectrograph on the 2.2 m MPG/ESO Telescope. The carbon, nitrogen, and oxygen abundances, 12C∕13C ratios, and neutron-capture element abundances were determined using synthetic spectra, and the main atmospheric parameters and abundances of other chemical elements were determined from equivalent widths of spectral lines.
Results. We have determined abundances of 23 chemical elements for 13 evolved stars and 12C∕13C ratios for six stars of IC 4756. The mean metallicity of this cluster, as determined from nine definite member stars, is very close to solar – [Fe/H] = − 0.02 ± 0.01. Abundances of carbon, nitrogen, and sodium exhibit alterations caused by extra-mixing: the mean 12C∕13C ratio is lowered to 19 ± 1.4, the C/N ratio is lowered to 0.79 ± 0.05, and the mean [Na/Fe] value, corrected for deviations from the local thermodynamical equilibrium encountered, is enhanced by 0.14 ± 0.05 dex. We compared our results to those by other authors and theoretical models.
Conclusions. Comparison of the α-element results with the theoretical models shows that they follow the thin disc α-element trends. Being relatively young (~ 800 Myr), the open cluster IC 4756 displays a moderate enrichment of s-process-dominated chemical elements compared to the Galactic thin disc model and confirms the enrichment of s-process-dominated elements in young open clusters compared to the older ones. The r-process-dominated element europium abundance agrees with the thin disc abundance. From the comparison of our results for mixing-sensitive chemical elements and the theoretical models, we can see that the mean values of 12C∕13C, C/N, and [Na/Fe] ratios lie between the model with only the thermohaline extra-mixing included and the model which also includes the rotation-induced mixing. The rotation was most probably smaller in the investigated IC 4756 stars than 30% of the critical rotation velocity when they were on the main sequence.
Key words: stars: abundances / open clusters and associations: individual: IC 4756 / stars: horizontal-branch / stars: evolution
Based on observations collected at the European Organization for Astronomical Research in the Southern Hemisphere under ESO programme 085.D-0093(A).
The full Table 2 is only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (188.8.131.52) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/615/A165
© ESO 2018
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