The stellar content of the XMM-Newton slew survey⋆
Hamburger Sternwarte, Universität Hamburg, 21029 Hamburg, Germany
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Accepted: 14 December 2017
Aims. We present a detailed analysis of the stellar content of the current version of the XMM-Newton slew survey (XMMSL2).
Methods. Since stars emit only a small fraction of their total luminosity in the X-ray band, the stellar XMMSL2 sources ought to have relatively bright optical counterparts. Therefore the stellar identifications were obtained by an automatic crossmatch of the XMMSL2 catalog with the first Gaia data release (Gaia DR1), 2MASS, and Tycho2 catalogs. The reliability of this procedure was verified by a comparison with the individually classified Einstein Observatory medium sensitivity survey X-ray sources and by a crossmatch with the Chandra Source Catalog.
Results. We identify 6815 of the 23 252 unique XMMSL2 sources to be stellar sources, while 893 sources are flagged as unreliable. For every counterpart a matching probability is estimated based upon the distance between the XMMSL2 source and the counterpart. Given this matching probability the sample is expected to be reliable to 96.7 % and complete to 96.3 % . The sample contains stars of all spectral types and luminosity classes, and late-type dwarfs have the largest share. For many stellar sources the fractional contribution of the X-ray band to the total energy output is found above the saturation limit of previous studies (Lx/Lbol = 10−3), because the XMMSL2 sources are more affected by flares owing to their short exposure times of typically 6 s. A comparison with the second ROSAT all-sky survey (2RXS) source catalog shows that about 25 % of the stellar XMMSL2 sources are previously unknown X-ray sources. The results of our identification procedure can be accessed via VizieR.
Key words: stars: activity / X-ray: stars / methods: miscellaneous
Catalog of the stellar XMMSL2 sources is only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (220.127.116.11) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/614/A125
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