Volume 613, May 2018
|Number of page(s)||11|
|Published online||25 May 2018|
Consistency with synchrotron emission in the bright GRB 160625B observed by Fermi
Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca, Dipartimento di Fisica U2,
Piazza della Scienza 3,
2 INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera, via Bianchi 46, 23807 Merate (LC), Italy
3 SISSA, via Bonomea 265, 34136 Trieste, Italy
4 INFN, Milano Bicocca, Piazza della Scienza 3, 20123 Milano, Italy
5 INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Trieste, via G.B. Tiepolo 11, 34143 Trieste, Italy
6 INFN, via Valerio 2, 34127 Trieste, Italy
7 Università degli Studi dell’Insubria, Via Valleggio, 11, 22100 Como, Italy
Accepted: 3 January 2018
We present time-resolved spectral analysis of prompt emission from GRB 160625B, one of the brightest bursts ever detected by Fermi in its nine years of operations. Standard empirical functions fail to provide an acceptable fit to the GBM spectral data, which instead require the addition of a low-energy break to the fitting function. We introduce a new fitting function, called 2SBPL, consisting of three smoothly connected power laws. Fitting this model to the data, the goodness of the fits significantly improves and the spectral parameters are well constrained. We also test a spectral model that combines non-thermal and thermal (black body) components, but find that the 2SBPL model is systematically favoured. The spectral evolution shows that the spectral break is located around Ebreak ~100 keV, while the usual νFν peak energy feature Epeak evolves in the 0.5–6 MeV energy range. The slopes below and above Ebreak are consistent with the values –0.67 and –1.5, respectively, expected from synchrotron emission produced by a relativistic electron population with a low-energy cut-off. If Ebreak is interpreted as the synchrotron cooling frequency, the implied magnetic field in the emitting region is ~10 Gauss, i.e. orders of magnitudes smaller than the value expected for a dissipation region located at ~1013−14 cm from the central engine. The low ratio between Epeak and Ebreak implies that the radiative cooling is incomplete, contrary to what is expected in strongly magnetized and compact emitting regions.
Key words: gamma-ray burst: general / radiation mechanisms: non-thermal / gamma-ray burst: individual: GRB 160625B
© ESO 2018
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