The extraneous eclipses on binary light curves: KIC 5255552, KIC 10091110, and KIC 11495766
Yunnan Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences,
650216, PR China
2 Key Laboratory of the Structure and Evolution of Celestial Objects, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650216, PR China
3 School of Mathematics and Physics, Handan University, Handan 056005, PR China
4 Key Laboratory of Optical Astronomy, National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100012, PR China
5 School of Physics and Electronic Engineering, Sichuan University of Science & Engineering, Zigong 643000, PR China
Accepted: 12 October 2017
Aims. We aim to find more eclipsing multiple systems and obtain their parameters, thus increasing our understanding of multiple systems.
Methods. The extraneous eclipses on the Kepler binary light curves indicating extraneous bodies were searched. The binary light curves were analyzed using the binary model, and the extraneous eclipses were studied on their periodicity and shape changes.
Results. Three binaries with extraneous eclipses on the binary light curves were found and studied based on the Kepler observations. The object KIC 5255552 is an eclipsing triple system with a fast changing inner binary and an outer companion uncovered by three groups of extraneous eclipses of 862.1(±0.1) d period. The KIC 10091110 is suggested to be a double eclipsing binary system with several possible extraordinary coincidences: the two binaries share similar extremely small mass ratios (0.060(13) and 0.0564(18)), similar mean primary densities (0.3264(42) ρ⊙ and 0.3019(28) ρ⊙), and, most notably, the ratio of the two binaries’ periods is very close to integer 2 (8.5303353/4.2185174 = 2.022). The KIC 11495766 is a probable triple system with a ~120.73 d period binary and (at least) one non-eclipse companion. Furthermore, very close to it in the celestial sphere, there is a blended background stellar binary of 8.3404432 d period. A first list of 25 eclipsing multiple candidates is presented, with the hope that it will be beneficial for study of eclipsing multiples.
Key words: binaries: eclipsing / techniques: photometric / methods: observational
© ESO 2018