Orbiting a binary
SPHERE characterisation of the HD 284149 system⋆
1 INAF–Osservatorio Astronomico di Padova, Vicolo dell’Osservatorio 5, 35122 Padova, Italy
2 Institute for Astronomy, The University of Edinburgh, Royal Observatory, Blackford Hill, Edinburgh, EH9 3HJ, UK
3 Institute for Astronomy, ETH Zurich, Wolfgang-Pauli Strasse 27, 8093 Zurich, Switzerland
4 INAF–Osservatorio Astronomico di Catania, via Santa Sofia, 78 Catania, Italy
5 Aix Marseille Univ., CNRS, LAM, Laboratoire d’Astrophysique de Marseille, 13013 Marseille, France
6 Max-Planck Institute for Astronomy, Königstuhl 17, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany
7 Univ. Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, IPAG, 38000 Grenoble, France
8 European Southern Observatory (ESO), Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 2, 85748 Garching, Germany
9 Department of Astronomy, Stockholm University, AlbaNova University Center, 106 91 Stockholm, Sweden
10 LESIA, Observatoire de Paris, PSL Research University, CNRS, Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Univ. Paris 06, Univ. Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cité, 75013 Paris, France
11 ONERA (Office National d’Études et de Recherches Aérospatiales), BP 72, 92322 Châtillon, France
12 Observatoire Astronomique de l’Université de Genève, Chemin des Maillettes 51, 1290 Sauverny, Switzerland
13 INAF–Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, L.go E. Fermi 5, 50125 Firenze, Italy
14 INAF–Osservatorio Astronomico di Capodimonte, Salita Moiariello 16, 80131 Napoli, Italy
15 INAF – Istituto di Astrofisica Spaziale e Fisica Cosmica di Milano, via E. Bassini 15, 20133 Milano, Italy
16 Universidad de Chile, Camino el Observatorio, 1515 Santiago, Chile
17 NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771, USA
18 Department of Astronomy, University of Michigan, 1085 S. University, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
19 Department of Physics, University of Oxford, Parks Rd, Oxford OX1 3PU, UK
20 Núcleo de Astronomía, Facultad de Ingeniería, Universidad Diego Portales, Av. Ejercito 441, Santiago, Chile
Received: 13 April 2017
Accepted: 18 July 2017
Aims. In this paper we present the results of the SPHERE observation of the HD 284149 system, aimed at a more detailed characterisation of both the primary and its brown dwarf companion.
Methods. We observed HD 284149 in the near-infrared with SPHERE, using the imaging mode (IRDIS+IFS) and the long-slit spectroscopy mode (IRDIS-LSS). The data were reduced using the dedicated SPHERE pipeline, and algorithms such as PCA and TLOCI were applied to reduce the speckle pattern.
Results. The IFS images revealed a previously unknown low-mass (~0.16 M⊙) stellar companion (HD 294149 B) at ~0.1′′, compatible with previously observed radial velocity differences, as well as proper motion differences between Gaia and Tycho-2 measurements. The known brown dwarf companion (HD 284149 b) is clearly visible in the IRDIS images. This allowed us to refine both its photometry and astrometry. The analysis of the medium resolution IRDIS long slit spectra also allowed a refinement of temperature and spectral type estimates. A full reassessment of the age and distance of the system was also performed, leading to more precise values of both mass and semi-major axis.
Conclusions. As a result of this study, HD 284149 ABb therefore becomes the latest addition to the (short) list of brown dwarfs on wide circumbinary orbits, providing new evidence to support recent claims that object in such configuration occur with a similar frequency to wide companions to single stars.
Key words: stars: individual: HD 284149 / brown dwarfs / binaries: visual / stars: rotation / techniques: high angular resolution
The reduced spectrum is only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (18.104.22.168) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/608/A106
© ESO, 2017