Volume 606, October 2017
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Published online||26 September 2017|
The High AV Quasar Survey: A z = 2.027 metal-rich damped Lyman-α absorber towards a red quasar at z = 3.21⋆
1 Dark Cosmology Centre, Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, Juliane Maries Vej 30, 2100 Copenhagen Ø, Denmark
2 Institut d’Astrophysique de Paris, CNRS-UPMC, UMR7095, 98bis bd Arago, 75014 Paris, France
3 Centre for Astrophysics and Cosmology, Science Institute, University of Iceland, Dunhagi 5, 107 Reykjavík, Iceland
4 Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, Vía Láctea, s/n, 38205 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
5 Gran Telescopio Canarias (GRANTECAN), Cuesta de San José s/n, 38712 Breña Baja, La Palma, Spain
6 European Southern Observatory, Karl-Schwarzschildstrasse 2, 85748 Garching, Germany
7 European Southern Observatory, 3107 Alonso de Córdova, Casilla 19001, Vitacura, Santiago 19, Chile
Received: 2 March 2017
Accepted: 21 June 2017
It is important to understand the selection effects behind the quasar samples to fully exploit the potential of quasars as probes of cosmic chemical evolution and the internal gas dynamics of galaxies; in particular, it is vital to understand whether the selection criteria exclude foreground galaxies with certain properties, most importantly a high dust content. Here we present spectroscopic follow-up from the 10.4 m GTC telescope of a dust-reddened quasar, eHAQ0111+0641, from the extended High AV Quasar (HAQ) survey. We find that the z = 3.21 quasar has a foreground damped Lyman-α absorber (DLA) at z = 2.027 along the line of sight. The DLA has very strong metal lines due to a moderately high metallicity with an inferred lower limit of 25% of the solar metallicity, but a very large gas column density along the line of sight in its host galaxy. This discovery is further evidence that there is a dust bias affecting the census of metals, caused by the combined effect of dust obscuration and reddening, in existing samples of z > 2 DLAs. The case of eHAQ0111+0641 illustrates that dust bias is not only caused by dust obscuration, but also dust reddening.
Key words: quasars: general / quasars: absorption lines / quasars: individual: eHAQ0111+0641
The reduced spectrum (FITS file) is only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (126.96.36.199) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/606/A13
© ESO, 2017
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