What pebbles are made of: Interpretation of the V883 Ori disk
1 Anton Pannekoek Institute for Astronomy, University of Amsterdam, Science Park 904, 1090 GE Amsterdam, The Netherlands
2 Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Meguro, 152-8551 Tokyo, Japan
Received: 19 May 2017
Accepted: 8 August 2017
Recently, an Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) observation of the water snow line in the protoplanetary disk around the FU Orionis star V883 Ori was reported. The radial variation of the spectral index at mm-wavelengths around the snow line was interpreted as being due to a pileup of particles interior to the snow line. However, radial transport of solids in the outer disk operates on timescales much longer than the typical timescale of an FU Ori outburst (101–102 yr). Consequently, a steady-state pileup is unlikely. We argue that it is only necessary to consider water evaporation and re-coagulation of silicates to explain the recent ALMA observation of V883 Ori because these processes are short enough to have had their impact since the outburst. Our model requires the inner disk to have already been optically thick before the outburst, and our results suggest that the carbon content of pebbles is low.
Key words: planets and satellites: composition / stars: individual: V883 Ori / radio continuum: planetary systems / protoplanetary disks
© ESO, 2017