Lithium abundance and 6Li/7Li ratio in the active giant HD 123351
I. A comparative analysis of 3D and 1D NLTE line-profile fits
1 Leibniz-Institut für Astrophysik Potsdam, An der Sternwarte 16, 14482 Potsdam, Germany
2 GEPI, Observatoire de Paris, PSL Research University, CNRS, Place Jules Janssen, 92195 Meudon, France
Received: 9 January 2017
Accepted: 6 April 2017
Context. Current three-dimensional (3D) hydrodynamical model atmospheres together with detailed spectrum synthesis, accounting for departures from local thermodynamic equilibrium (LTE), permit to derive reliable atomic and isotopic chemical abundances from high-resolution stellar spectra. Not much is known about the presence of the fragile 6Li isotope in evolved solar-metallicity red giant branch (RGB) stars, not to mention its production in magnetically active targets like HD 123351.
Aims. A detailed spectroscopic investigation of the lithium resonance doublet in HD 123351 in terms of both abundance and isotopic ratio is presented. From fits of the observed spectrum, taken at the Canada-France-Hawaii telescope, with synthetic line profiles based on 1D and 3D model atmospheres, we seek to estimate the abundance of the 6Li isotope and to place constraints on its origin.
Methods. We derive the lithium abundance A(Li) and the 6Li/7Li isotopic ratio by fitting different synthetic spectra to the Li-line region of a high-resolution CFHT spectrum (R = 120 000, S/N = 400). The synthetic spectra are computed with four different line lists, using in parallel 3D hydrodynamical CO5BOLD and 1D LHD model atmospheres and treating the line formation of the lithium components in non-LTE (NLTE). The fitting procedure is repeated with different assumptions and wavelength ranges to obtain a reasonable estimate of the involved uncertainties.
Results. We find A(Li) = 1.69 ± 0.11 dex and 6Li/7Li = 8.0 ± 4.4% in 3D-NLTE, using the line list of Meléndez et al. (2012, A&A, 543, A29), updated with new atomic data for V i, which results in the best fit of the lithium line profile of HD 123351. Two other line lists lead to similar results but with inferior fit qualities.
Conclusions. Our 2σ detection of the 6Li isotope is the result of a careful statistical analysis and the visual inspection of each achieved fit. Since the presence of a significant amount of 6Li in the atmosphere of a cool evolved star is not expected in the framework of standard stellar evolution theory, non-standard, external lithium production mechanisms, possibly related to stellar activity or a recent accretion of rocky material, need to be invoked to explain the detection of 6Li in HD 123351.
Key words: stars: abundances / stars: atmospheres / radiative transfer / line: formation / line: profiles / stars: individual: HD 123351
© ESO, 2017