Near-IR period-luminosity relations for pulsating stars in ω Centauri (NGC 5139)⋆
1 Instituto de Astrofísica, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Av. Vicuña Mackenna 4860, 782-0436 Macul, Santiago, Chile
e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com; firstname.lastname@example.org
2 Instituto Milenio de Astrofísica, Santiago, Chile
3 Centro de Astro-Ingeniería, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, Chile
4 Unidad de Astronomía, Facultad Cs. Básicas, Universidad de Antofagasta, Av. U. de Antofagasta 02800, Antofagasta, Chile
5 Astronomisches Rechen-Institut, Zentrum für Astronomie der Universität Heidelberg, Mönchhofstr. 12-14, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany
6 Departamento de Fisica, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Universidad Andres Bello, Av. Fernandez Concha 700, Las Condes, 4860 Santiago, Chile
7 Vatican Observatory, V 00120 Vatican City State, Italy
Received: 21 November 2016
Accepted: 7 April 2017
Aims. The globular cluster ω Centauri (NGC 5139) hosts hundreds of pulsating variable stars of different types, thus representing a treasure trove for studies of their corresponding period-luminosity (PL) relations. Our goal in this study is to obtain the PL relations for RR Lyrae and SX Phoenicis stars in the field of the cluster, based on high-quality, well-sampled light curves in the near-infrared (IR).
Methods. Observations were carried out using the VISTA InfraRed CAMera (VIRCAM) mounted on the Visible and Infrared Survey Telescope for Astronomy (VISTA). A total of 42 epochs in J and 100 epochs in KS were obtained, spanning 352 days. Point-spread function photometry was performed using DoPhot and DAOPHOT crowded-field photometry packages in the outer and inner regions of the cluster, respectively.
Results. Based on the comprehensive catalog of near-IR light curves thus secured, PL relations were obtained for the different types of pulsators in the cluster, both in the J and KS bands. This includes the first PL relations in the near-IR for fundamental-mode SX Phoenicis stars. The near-IR magnitudes and periods of Type II Cepheids and RR Lyrae stars were used to derive an updated true distance modulus to the cluster, with a resulting value of (m − M)0 = 13.708 ± 0.035 ± 0.10 mag, where the error bars correspond to the adopted statistical and systematic errors, respectively. Adding the errors in quadrature, this is equivalent to a heliocentric distance of 5.52 ± 0.27 kpc.
Key words: stars: variables: RR Lyrae / stars: variables: Cepheids / stars: variables: delta Scuti / infrared: stars / surveys / globular clusters: individual: NGC 5139
© ESO, 2017