Volume 601, May 2017
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Published online||10 May 2017|
The jet-disk symbiosis without maximal jets: 1D hydrodynamical jets revisited
1 Anton Pannekoek Institute for Astronomy, University of Amsterdam, PO Box 94249, 1090 GE, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
2 Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Princeton University, Peyton Hall, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
3 Mathematical Sciences and STAG Research Centre, University of Southampton, SO17 1BJ, UK
Received: 11 December 2016
Accepted: 2 March 2017
In this work we discuss the recent criticism by Zdziarski (2016, A&A, 586, A18) of the maximal jet model derived in Falcke & Biermann (1995, A&A, 293, 665). We agree with Zdziarski that in general a jet’s internal energy is not bounded by its rest-mass energy density. We describe the effects of the mistake on conclusions that have been made using the maximal jet model and show when a maximal jet is an appropriate assumption. The maximal jet model was used to derive a 1D hydrodynamical model of jets in agnjet, a model that does multiwavelength fitting of quiescent/hard state X-ray binaries and low-luminosity active galactic nuclei. We correct algebraic mistakes made in the derivation of the 1D Euler equation and relax the maximal jet assumption. We show that the corrections cause minor differences as long as the jet has a small opening angle and a small terminal Lorentz factor. We find that the major conclusion from the maximal jet model, the jet-disk symbiosis, can be generally applied to astrophysical jets. We also show that isothermal jets are required to match the flat radio spectra seen in low-luminosity X-ray binaries and active galactic nuclei, in agreement with other works.
Key words: black hole physics / galaxies: jets / hydrodynamics / stars: black holes / galaxies: active
© ESO, 2017
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