Volume 598, February 2017
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Section||Interstellar and circumstellar matter|
|Published online||24 January 2017|
The multiple young stellar objects of HBC 515: An X-ray and millimeter-wave imaging study in (pre-main sequence) diversity
1 Núcleo de Astronomía de la Facultad de Ingeniería, Universidad Diego Portales, Santiago, Chile
2 Millennium Nucleus Protoplanetary Disks, Universidad Diego Portales, Chile
3 INAF–Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, Largo E. Fermi, 5, 50125 Firenze, Italy
4 Chester F. Carlson Center for Imaging Science, School of Physics & Astronomy, and Laboratory for Multiwavelength Astrophysics, Rochester Institute of Technology, 54 Lomb Memorial Drive, Rochester, NY 14623, USA
5 Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
6 INAF–Osservatorio Astronomico di Palermo, Piazza del Parlamento 1, 90134 Palermo, Italy
Received: 17 August 2016
Accepted: 6 October 2016
We present Chandra X-ray Observatory and Submillimeter Array (SMA) imaging of HBC 515, a system consisting of multiple young stellar objects (YSOs). The five members of HBC 515 represent a remarkably diverse array of YSOs, ranging from the low-mass Class I/II protostar HBC 515B, through Class II and transition disk objects (HBC 515D and C, respectively), to the “diskless”, intermediate-mass, pre-main sequence (pre-MS) binary HBC 515A. Our Chandra/ACIS imaging establishes that all five components are X-ray sources, with HBC 515A – a subarcsecond-separation binary that is partially resolved by Chandra – being the dominant X-ray source. We detect an X-ray flare associated with HBC 515B. In the SMA imaging, HBC 515B is detected as a strong 1.3 mm continuum emission source; a second, weaker mm continuum source is coincident with the position of the transition disk object HBC 515C. These results strongly support the protostellar nature of HBC 515B, and firmly establish HBC 515A as a member of the rare class of relatively massive, X-ray luminous weak-lined T Tauri stars that are binaries and have shed their disks at very early stages of pre-MS evolution. The coexistence of two such disparate objects within a single, presumably coeval multiple YSO system highlights the influence of pre-MS star mass, binarity, and X-ray luminosity in regulating the lifetimes of circumstellar, planet-forming disks, and the timescales of star-disk interactions.
Key words: X-rays: stars / stars: evolution / binaries: general / circumstellar matter / stars: formation / stars: pre-main sequence
© ESO, 2017
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