1 Groupe d’Astrophysique des Hautes Energies – STAR, Institut d’Astrophysique et de Géophysique, B5c, Université de Liège, 19c Allée du 6 Août, 4000 Sart Tilman, Belgium
2 Departamento de Física y Astronomía, Universidad de La Serena, Av. Juan Cisternas 1200 Norte, La Serena, Chile
3 Armagh Observatory and Planetarium, College Hill, Armagh, BT61 9DG, UK
4 Las Campanas Observatory, Carnegie Observatories, Casilla 601, La Serena, Chile
5 Instituto de Astrofísica de La Plata, CONICET–UNLP, and Facultad de Ciencias Astronómicas y Geofísicas, UNLP, Argentina
6 Department of Physics and Space Sciences, Florida Institute of Technology, Melbourne, FL 32904, USA
7 LESIA, Observatoire de Paris, PSL Research University, CNRS, Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Univ. Paris 06, Univ. Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cité, 5 place Jules Janssen, 92195 Meudon, France
Received: 15 July 2016
Accepted: 12 September 2016
Context. The detection of bright, hard, and variable X-ray emission in Tr16-22 prompted spectropolarimetric observations of this star, which in turn led to the discovery of a surface magnetic field.
Aims. We want to further constrain the properties of this star, in particular to verify whether X-ray variations are correlated to changes in optical emission lines and magnetic field strength, as expected from the oblique rotator model that is widely accepted for magnetic O stars.
Methods. We have obtained new low-resolution spectropolarimetric and long-term high-resolution spectroscopic monitoring of Tr16-22, and we also analyse new, serendipitous X-ray data.
Results. The new X-ray observations are consistent with previous data, but their addition does not help to solve the ambiguity in the variation timescale because of numerous aliases. No obvious periodicity or any large variations are detected in the spectropolarimetric data of Tr16-22 obtained over three months. The derived field values appear to be in line with previous measurements, suggesting constancy of the field (though the possibility of small, short-term field variations cannot be excluded). Variations in the equivalent widths of Hα are very small, and they do not appear to be related to the X-ray timescale; the overall lack of large variations in optical emission lines is consistent with the magnetic field constancy. In addition, variations of the radial velocities indicate that Tr16-22 is probably a SB1 binary with a very long period.
Conclusions. Our new measurements of optical emission lines and magnetic field strength do not show an obvious correlation with X-ray variations. Our current data thus cannot be interpreted in terms of the common model, which assumes the electromagnetic emission associated with a wind confined by a dipolar field tilted with respect to the rotation axis. However, the sampling is imperfect and new data are needed to further constrain the actual periodicity of the various observed phenomena. If inconsistencies are confirmed, then we will need to consider alternative scenarios.
Key words: stars: early-type / X-rays: stars / stars: individual: Tr16-22 / stars: magnetic field
Based on XMM-Newton observations (ObsIDs 0691970101, 0742850301, 0742850401, 0762910401) and ESO data (Prog. 386.D-0624A, 086.D-0997B, 089.D-0975A, 091.D-0090B, 095.D-0082).
The reduced polarisation spectra (as ascii files) are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (126.96.36.199) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/596/A44
© ESO, 2016