Volume 596, December 2016
|Number of page(s)||26|
|Published online||19 December 2016|
Identifying galaxy candidates in WSRT H i imaging of ultra-compact high velocity clouds
1 ASTRON, Netherlands Institute for Radio Astronomy, Postbus 2, 7900 AA Dwingeloo, The Netherlands
2 Kapteyn Astronomical Institute, University of Groningen Postbus 800, 9700 AV Groningen, The Netherlands
3 Department of Physics and Astronomy, Macalaster College, 1600 Grand Avenue, Saint Paul, MN 55105, USA
4 Center for Astrophysics and Planetary Science, Space Sciences Building, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
Received: 7 July 2016
Accepted: 16 August 2016
Ultra-compact high velocity clouds (UCHVCs) were identified in the Arecibo Legacy Fast ALFA (ALFALFA) H i survey as potential gas-bearing dark matter halos. Here we present higher resolution neutral hydrogen (H i) observations of twelve UCHVCS with the Westerbork Synthesis Radio Telescope (WSRT). The UCHVCs were selected based on a combination of size, isolation, large recessional velocity and high column density as the best candidate dark matter halos. The WSRT data were tapered to image the UCHVCs at 210′′ (comparable to the Arecibo resolution) and 105′′ angular resolution. In a comparison of the single-dish to interferometer data, we find that the integrated line flux recovered in the WSRT observations is generally comparable to that from the single-dish ALFALFA data. In addition, any structure seen in the ALFALFA data is reproduced in the WSRT maps at the same angular resolution. At 210′′ resolution all the sources are generally compact with a smooth H i morphology, as expected from their identification as UCHVCs. At the higher angular resolution, a majority of the sources break into small clumps contained in a diffuse envelope. These UCHVCs also have no ordered velocity motion and are most likely Galactic halo clouds. We identify two UCHVCs, AGC 198606 and AGC 249525, as excellent galaxy candidates based on maintaining a smooth H i morphology at higher angular resolution and showing ordered velocity motion consistent with rotation. A third source, AGC 249565, lies between these two populations in properties and is a possible galaxy candidate. If interpreted as gas-bearing dark matter halos, the three candidate galaxies have rotation velocities of 8–15 km s-1, H i masses of 0.6–50 × 105M⊙, H i radii of 0.3–2 kpc, and dynamical masses of 2–20 × 107M⊙ for a range of plausible distances. These are the UCHVCs with the highest column density values in the ALFALFA H i data and we suggest this is the best way to identify further candidates.
Key words: galaxies: dwarf / galaxies: ISM / galaxies: kinematics and dynamics / Local Group / radio lines: galaxies
© ESO, 2016
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.