Volume 596, December 2016
|Number of page(s)||26|
|Section||Galactic structure, stellar clusters and populations|
|Published online||19 December 2016|
Radial velocities of K–M dwarfs and local stellar kinematics⋆
1 Vilnius University Observatory, Čiurlionio 29, 03100 Vilnius, Lithuania
2 Vatican Observatory Research Group, Steward Observatory, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona 85721, USA
3 Wesleyan and Yale Universities, Middletown and New Haven, Connecticut 06457, USA
Received: 27 November 2015
Accepted: 18 July 2016
Aims. The goal of this paper is to present complete radial-velocity data for the spectroscopically selected McCormick sample of nearby K–M dwarfs and, based on these and supplementary data, to determine the space-velocity distributions of late-type stars in the solar neighborhood.
Methods. We analyzed nearly 3300 measurements of radial velocities for 1049 K–M dwarfs, that we obtained during the past decade with a CORAVEL-type instrument, with a primary emphasis on detecting and eliminating from kinematic calculations the spectroscopic binaries and binary candidates. Combining radial-velocity data with Hipparcos/Tycho-2 astrometry we calculated the space-velocity components and parameters of the galactic orbits in a three-component model potential for the stars in the sample, that we use for kinematical analysis and for the identification of possible candidate members of nearby stellar kinematic groups.
Results. We present the catalog of our observations of radial velocities for 959 stars which are not suspected of velocity variability, along with the catalog of U,V,W velocities and Galactic orbital parameters for a total of 1088 K–M stars which are used in the present kinematic analysis. Of these, 146 stars were identified as possible candidate members of the known nearby kinematic groups and suspected subgroups. The distributions of space-velocity components, orbital eccentricities, and maximum distances from the Galactic plane are consistent with the presence of young, intermediate-age and old populations of the thin disk and a small fraction (~3%) of stars with the thick disk kinematics. The kinematic structure gives evidence that the bulk of K–M type stars in the immediate solar vicinity represents a dynamically relaxed stellar population. The star MCC 869 is found to be on a retrograde Galactic orbit (V = −262 km s-1) of low inclination (4°) and can be a member of stellar stream of some dissolved structure. The Sun’s velocity with respect to the Local Standard of Rest, derived from the distributions of space-velocity components, is (U⊙,V⊙,W⊙) = (9.0 ± 1.4,13.1 ± 0.6,7.2 ± 0.8) km s-1. The radial solar motion derived via the Strömberg’s relation, V⊙ = 14.2 ± 0.8 km s-1, agrees within the errors with the value obtained directly from the V distribution of stars on nearly circular orbits.
Key words: techniques: radial velocities / stars: late-type / stars: kinematics and dynamics / binaries: spectroscopic / solar neighborhood
Full Tables 2, 4, 5, 7, and a table of the individual RV measurements are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (18.104.22.168) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/596/A116
© ESO, 2016
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