Volume 592, August 2016
|Number of page(s)||12|
|Published online||12 August 2016|
Applying the expanding photosphere and standardized candle methods to Type II-Plateau supernovae at cosmologically significant redshifts
The distance to SN 2013eq⋆
1 Astrophysics Research Centre, School of Mathematics and Physics, Queen’s University Belfast, Belfast, BT7 1NN, UK
2 Max-Planck-Institut für Astrophysik, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 1, 85748 Garching-bei-München, Germany
3 ESO, Karl-Schwarzschild-Strasse 2, 85748 Garching-bei-München, Germany
4 Excellence Cluster Universe, Technische Universität München, Boltzmannstrasse 2, 85748 Garching-bei-München, Germany
5 The Oskar Klein Centre & Department of Astronomy, Stockholm University, AlbaNova, 106 91 Stockholm, Sweden
Received: 18 February 2016
Accepted: 22 June 2016
Based on optical imaging and spectroscopy of the Type II-Plateau SN 2013eq, we present a comparative study of commonly used distance determination methods based on Type II supernovae. The occurrence of SN 2013eq in the Hubble flow (z = 0.041 ± 0.001) prompted us to investigate the implications of the difference between “angular” and “luminosity” distances within the framework of the expanding photosphere method (EPM) that relies upon a relation between flux and angular size to yield a distance. Following a re-derivation of the basic equations of the EPM for SNe at non-negligible redshifts, we conclude that the EPM results in an angular distance. The observed flux should be converted into the SN rest frame and the angular size, θ, has to be corrected by a factor of (1 + z)2. Alternatively, the EPM angular distance can be converted to a luminosity distance by implementing a modification of the angular size. For SN 2013eq, we find EPM luminosity distances of DL = 151 ± 18 Mpc and DL = 164 ± 20 Mpc by making use of different sets of dilution factors taken from the literature. Application of the standardized candle method for Type II-P SNe results in an independent luminosity distance estimate (DL = 168 ± 16 Mpc) that is consistent with the EPM estimate.
Key words: supernovae: individual: SN 2013eq / distance scale
Spectra of SN 2013eq are available in the Weizmann Interactive Supernova data REPository (WISeREP): http://wiserep.weizmann.ac.il
© ESO, 2016
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