Volume 590, June 2016
|Number of page(s)||28|
|Section||Galactic structure, stellar clusters and populations|
|Published online||28 April 2016|
Search for associations containing young stars (SACY)
European Southern Observatory, Alonso de Cordova 3107, Vitacura Casilla 19001,
2 School of Physics, University of Exeter, Stocker Road, Exeter, EX4 4QL
3 Departamento de Física y Astronomía, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Valparaíso, Av. Gran Bretaña 1111, 5030 Casilla, Valparaíso, Chile
4 Laboratório Nacional de Astrofísica/ MCT, Rua Estados Unidos 154, 37504-364 Itajubá ( MG), Brazil
5 European Southern Observatory, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 2, 85748 Garching, Germany
6 Departamento de Astrofísica y Ciencias de la Atmósfera, Facultad de Ciencias Físicas, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain
7 Instituto de Astrofísica, Facultad de Física, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Av. Vicuña Mackenna 4860, 7820436 Macul, Santiago, Chile
8 Millennium Institute of Astrophysics, Av. Vicuña Mackenna 4860, 7820436 Macul, Santiago, Chile
Received: 4 February 2016
Accepted: 7 March 2016
Context. The young associations offer us one of the best opportunities to study the properties of young stellar and substellar objects and to directly image planets thanks to their proximity (<200 pc) and age (≈5−150 Myr). However, many previous works have been limited to identifying the brighter, more active members (≈1 M⊙) owing to photometric survey sensitivities limiting the detections of lower mass objects.
Aims. We search the field of view of 542 previously identified members of the young associations to identify wide or extremely wide (1000−100 000 au in physical separation) companions.
Methods. We combined 2MASS near-infrared photometry (J, H, K) with proper motion values (from UCAC4, PPMXL, NOMAD) to identify companions in the field of view of known members. We collated further photometry and spectroscopy from the literature and conducted our own high-resolution spectroscopic observations for a subsample of candidate members. This complementary information allowed us to assess the efficiency of our method.
Results. We identified 84 targets (45: 0.2−1.3 M⊙, 17: 0.08−0.2 M⊙, 22: <0.08 M⊙) in our analysis, ten of which have been identified from spectroscopic analysis in previous young association works. For 33 of these 84, we were able to further assess their membership using a variety of properties (X-ray emission, UV excess, Hα, lithium and K I equivalent widths, radial velocities, and CaH indices). We derive a success rate of 76–88% for this technique based on the consistency of these properties.
Conclusions. Once confirmed, the targets identified in this work would significantly improve our knowledge of the lower mass end of the young associations. Additionally, these targets would make an ideal new sample for the identification and study of planets around nearby young stars. Given the predicted substellar mass of the majority of these new candidate members and their proximity, high-contrast imaging techniques would facilitate the search for new low-mass planets.
Key words: open clusters and associations: general / stars: low-mass / stars: variables: T Tauri, Herbig Ae/Be / stars: pre-main sequence / methods: data analysis
Based on FEROS observations obtained during CNTAC programme CN2015B-9 and observations made with the HERMES spectrograph mounted on the 1.2 m Mercator Telescope at the Spanish Observatorio del Roque de los Muchachos of the Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias.
Full Table 4 (Appendix E) is only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (22.214.171.124) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/590/A13
© ESO, 2016
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