Volume 590, June 2016
|Number of page(s)||12|
|Section||Numerical methods and codes|
|Published online||10 May 2016|
Composite biasing in Monte Carlo radiative transfer
Sterrenkundig Observatorium, Universiteit Gent,
Krijgslaan 281 S9, 9000
2 Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA
3 Chalmers University of Technology, Department of Earth and Space Sciences, Onsala Space Observatory, 439 92 Onsala, Sweden
4 INAF–Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, Largo E. Fermi 5, 50125 Florence, Italy
5 Department of Physics, PO Box 64, University of Helsinki, 00014 Helsinki, Finland
6 Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Tübingen, Auf der Morgenstelle 10, 72076 Tübingen, Germany
Received: 30 December 2015
Accepted: 25 March 2016
Biasing or importance sampling is a powerful technique in Monte Carlo radiative transfer, and can be applied in different forms to increase the accuracy and efficiency of simulations. One of the drawbacks of the use of biasing is the potential introduction of large weight factors. We discuss a general strategy, composite biasing, to suppress the appearance of large weight factors. We use this composite biasing approach for two different problems faced by current state-of-the-art Monte Carlo radiative transfer codes: the generation of photon packages from multiple components, and the penetration of radiation through high optical depth barriers. In both cases, the implementation of the relevant algorithms is trivial and does not interfere with any other optimisation techniques. Through simple test models, we demonstrate the general applicability, accuracy and efficiency of the composite biasing approach. In particular, for the penetration of high optical depths, the gain in efficiency is spectacular for the specific problems that we consider: in simulations with composite path length stretching, high accuracy results are obtained even for simulations with modest numbers of photon packages, while simulations without biasing cannot reach convergence, even with a huge number of photon packages.
Key words: radiative transfer
© ESO, 2016
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