Volume 590, June 2016
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Interstellar and circumstellar matter|
|Published online||24 May 2016|
Filamentary structure and magnetic field orientation in Musca⋆
Instituut voor Sterrenkunde, KU Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 200D, bus
2 Institut d’Astrophysique Spatiale, CNRS (UMR 8617) Université Paris-Sud 11, Bâtiment 121, Orsay, France
3 Laboratoire AIM Paris, Saclay, CEA/DSM, CNRS, Université Paris Diderot, IRFU, Service d’Astrophysique, Centre d’Études de Saclay, Orme des Merisiers, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette, France
4 ESA, Directorate of Science, Scientific Support Office, European Space Research and Technology Centre (ESTEC/SCI-S), Keplerlaan 1, 2201 AZ Noordwijk, The Netherlands
5 Konkoly Observatory, Research Centre for Astronomy and Earth Sciences, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, PO Box 67, 1525 Budapest, Hungary
6 Department of Astronomy, Boston University, 725 Commonwealth Avenue, Boston, MA 02215, USA
7 Université de Toulouse, UPS-OMP, IRAP, 31028 Toulouse, France
8 Centre d’Étude Spatiale des Rayonnements, IRAP, 9 Av. colonel Roche, BP 44346, 31028 Toulouse, France
9 OASU/LAB Univ. Bordeaux, CNRS, UMR 5804, 33270 Floirac, France
10 I. Physik. Institut, University of Cologne, 50937 Cologne, Germany
11 European Space Agency (ESA/ESAC), PO Box 78, 28691 Villanueva de la Cañada, Madrid, Spain
12 European Space Agency (ESA), 3700 San Martin Dr, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA
Received: 27 July 2015
Accepted: 26 February 2016
Herschel has shown that filamentary structures are ubiquitous in star-forming regions, in particular in nearby molecular clouds associated with Gould’s Belt. High dynamic range far-infrared imaging of the Musca cloud with SPIRE and PACS reveals at least two types of filamentary structures: (1) the main ~10-pc scale high column-density linear filament; and (2) low column-density striations in close proximity to the main filament. In addition, we find features with intermediate column densities (hair-like strands) that appear physically connected to the main filament. We present an analysis of this filamentary network traced by Herschel and explore its connection with the local magnetic field. We find that both the faint dust emission striations and the plane-of-the-sky (POS) magnetic field are locally oriented close to perpendicular to the high-density main filament (position angle ~25−35°). The low-density striations and strands are oriented parallel to the POS magnetic field lines, which are derived previously from optical polarization measurements of background stars and more recently from Planck observations of dust polarized emission. The position angles are 97 ± 25°, 105 ± 7°, and 105 ± 5°. From these observations, we propose a scenario in which local interstellar material in this cloud has condensed into a gravitationally-unstable filament (with “supercritical” mass per unit length) that is accreting background matter along field lines through the striations. We also compare the filamentary structure in Musca with what is seen in similar Herschel observations of the Taurus B211/3 filament system and find that there is significantly less substructure in the Musca main filament than in the B211/3 filament. We suggest that the Musca cloud may represent an earlier evolutionary stage in which the main filament has not yet accreted sufficient mass and energy to develop a multiple system of intertwined filamentary components.
Key words: ISM: individual objects: Musca / ISM: structure / ISM: clouds / stars: formation / infrared: ISM
Herschel is an ESA space observatory with science instruments provided by European-led Principal Investigator consortia and with important participation from NASA.
© ESO, 2016
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