Volume 589, May 2016
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Stellar structure and evolution|
|Published online||08 April 2016|
A non-uniform distribution of the nearest brown dwarfs
Leibniz-Institut für Astrophysik Potsdam (AIP), An der Sternwarte 16, 14482 Potsdam, Germany
e-mail: email@example.com; firstname.lastname@example.org
Received: 18 December 2015
Accepted: 23 February 2016
Context. The census of solar neighbours is still complemented by new discoveries, mainly of very low-mass, faint dwarfs, close to or within the substellar domain. These discoveries contribute to a better understanding of the field population; its origin in terms of Galactic dynamics and (sub)stellar formation and evolution. Also, the nearest stars and brown dwarfs at any given age allow the most precise direct characterization, including the search for planetary companions.
Aims. We aim to further assess the substellar census on the Galactic plane.
Methods. We projected the 136 stars and 26 brown dwarfs known at <6.5 pc on the Galactic plane and evaluated their distributions.
Results. Stars present a uniform- and brown dwarfs a non-uniform distribution, with 21 objects behind the Sun and only five ahead relative to the direction of rotation of the Galaxy. This substellar configuration has a probability of 0.098+10.878-0.098% relative to uniformity. The helio- and geocentric nature of the distribution suggests it might result in part from an observational bias, which if compensated for by future discoveries, might increase the brown-dwarf-to-star ratio, shifting it closer to values found in some star forming regions.
Key words: astrometry / proper motions / stars: distances / stars: kinematics and dynamics / brown dwarfs / solar neighborhood
© ESO, 2016
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