Observational signatures of past mass-exchange episodes in massive binaries: The case of HD 149 404⋆,⋆⋆
1 Department of Astrophysics, Geophysics and Oceanography, Liège University, Quartier Agora, Allée du 6 Août 19c, Bat. B5c, 4000 Liège, Belgium
2 Astronomical Institute of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Fričova 298, 251 65 Ondřejov, Czech Republic
3 LUPM, Montpellier University 2, CNRS, place Eugène Bataillon, 34095 Montpellier, France
Received: 12 October 2015
Accepted: 14 January 2016
Context. Mass and momentum exchanges in close massive binaries play an important role in their evolution, and produce several observational signatures such as asynchronous rotation and altered chemical compositions, that remain after the stars detach again.
Aims. We investigated these effects for the detached massive O-star binary HD 149 404 (O7.5 If + ON9.7 I, P = 9.81 days), which is thought to have experienced a past episode of case A Roche-lobe overflow (RLOF).
Methods. Using phase-resolved spectroscopy, we performed the disentangling of the optical spectra of the two stars. The reconstructed primary and secondary spectra were then analysed with the CMFGEN model atmosphere code to determine stellar parameters, such as the effective temperatures and surface gravities, and to constrain the chemical composition of the components. We complemented the optical study with the study of IUE spectra, which we compare to the synthetic binary spectra. The properties of the stars were compared to evolutionary models.
Results. We confirmed a strong overabundance in nitrogen ([N/C] ~ 150[N/C]⊙) for the secondary and a slight nitrogen overabundance ([N/C] ~ 5[N/C]⊙) for the primary star. Comparing the two stars, we found evidence for asynchronous rotation, with a rotational period ratio of 0.50 ± 0.11.
Conclusions. The hypothesis of a past case A RLOF interaction in HD 149 404 is most plausible to explain its chemical abundances and rotational asynchronicity. Some of the observed properties, such as the abundance pattern, are clearly a challenge for current case A binary evolution models, however.
Key words: stars: early-type / stars: fundamental parameters / binaries: spectroscopic / stars: individual: HD 149 404 / stars: massive
Based on observations collected at the European Southern Observatory (La Silla, Chile) and with the International Ultraviolet Explorer.
The reduced spectra are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (126.96.36.199) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/588/A10
© ESO, 2016