Star formation and black hole accretion activity in rich local clusters of galaxies⋆
1 Institut für Astro und Teilchenphysik, Leopold Franzens Universität Innsbruck, Technikerstraße 25/8, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria
2 Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias, 38205 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
3 Universidad de La Laguna, Dpto. de Astrofísica, 38206 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
Received: 30 July 2015
Accepted: 13 January 2016
Context. We present a study of star formation and central black hole accretion activity of galaxies that are hosted in the two nearby (z ~ 0.2) rich galaxy clusters Abell 983 and 1731.
Aims. We aim to quantify both the obscured and unobscured star formation rates, as well as the presence of active galactic nuclei (AGN) as a function of the environment in which the galaxy is located.
Methods. We targeted the clusters with unprecedented deep infrared Spitzer observations (0.2 mJy at 24 micron), near-IR Palomar imaging and optical WIYN spectroscopy. The extent of our observations (~3 virial radii) covers the vast range of possible environments, from the very dense cluster centre to the very rarefied cluster outskirts and accretion regions.
Results. The star-forming members of the two clusters present star formation rates that are comparable with those measured in coeval field galaxies. Analysis of the spatial arrangement of the spectroscopically confirmed members reveals an elongated distribution for A1731 with respect to the more uniform distribution of A983. The emerging picture is compatible with A983 being a fully evolved cluster, in contrast with the still actively accreting A1731.
Conclusions. Analysis of the specific star formation rate reveals evidence of ongoing galaxy pre-processing along A1731’s filament-like structure. Furthermore, the decrease in the number of star-forming galaxies and AGN towards the cluster cores suggests that the cluster environment is accelerating the ageing process of the galaxies and blocking further accretion of the cold gas that fuels both star formation and black hole accretion activity.
Key words: infrared: galaxies / galaxies: star formation / galaxies: active / galaxies: clusters: individual: Abell 983 / galaxies: clusters: individual: Abell 1731 / galaxies: evolution
The catalogue and the reduced images (FITS files) are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (188.8.131.52) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/588/A105
© ESO, 2016