Volume 587, March 2016
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Published online||11 February 2016|
X-ray long-term variations in the low-luminosity AGN NGC 835 and its circumnuclear emission⋆
Instituto de Radioastronomía y Astrofísica (IRyA-UNAM),
2 Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía, CSIC, Glorieta de la Astronomía s/n, 18008 Granada, Spain
3 Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias (IAC), C/Vía Láctea, s/n, 38205 La Laguna, Spain
4 Departamento de Astrofísica, Universidad de La Laguna (ULL), 38205 La Laguna, Spain
5 Instituto de Física de Cantabria, CSIC-UC, 39005 Santander, Spain
6 Visiting professor, Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Texas at San Antonio, San Antonio, TX 78249, USA
7 Instituto de Astronomía, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Apartado Postal 70-264, 04510 México DF, Mexico
Received: 17 July 2015
Accepted: 28 October 2012
Context. Obscured active galactic nuclei (AGNs) are thought to be very common in the Universe. Observations and surveys have shown that the number of sources increases for near galaxies and at the low-luminosity regime (the so-called LLAGNs). Furthermore, many AGNs show changes in their obscuration properties at X-rays that may suggest a configuration of clouds very close to the accretion disk. However, these variations could also be due to changes in the intrinsic continuum of the source. It is therefore important to study nearby AGN to better understand the locus and distribution of clouds in the neighbourhood of the nucleus.
Aims. We aim to study the nuclear obscuration of LLAGN NGC 835 and its extended emission using mid-infrared observations.
Methods. We present sub-arcsecond-resolution mid-infrared 11.5 μm imaging of the LLAGN galaxy NGC 835 obtained with the instrument CanariCam in the Gran Telescopio CANARIAS (GTC), archival Spitzer/IRS spectroscopy, and archival Chandra data observed in 2000, 2008, and 2013.
Results. The GTC/CanariCam 11.5 μm image reveals faint extended emission out to ~6 arcsec. We obtained a nuclear flux of F(11.5 μm) ~ 18 mJy, whereas the extended emission accounts for 90% of the total flux within the 6 arcsec. This means that the low angular resolution (~4 arcsec) IRS spectrum is dominated by this extended emission and not by the AGN. This is clearly seen in the Spitzer/IRS spectrum, which resembles that of star-forming galaxies. Although the extended soft X-ray emission shows some resemblance with that of the mid-infrared, the knots seen at X-rays are mostly located in the inner side of this mid-infrared emission. The nuclear X-ray spectrum of the source has undergone a spectral change between 2000/2008 and 2013. We argue that this variation is most probably due to changes in the hydrogen column density from ~8 × 1023 cm-2 to ~3 × 1023 cm-2. NGC 835 therefore is one of the few LLAGN, together with NGC 1052, in which changes in the absorber can be claimed.
Key words: galaxies: active / galaxies: nuclei / infrared: galaxies / X-rays: galaxies
FITS file for the 11.5 microns CanariCam/GTC image is only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (126.96.36.199) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/587/A1
© ESO, 2016
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