Volume 586, February 2016
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Section||Interstellar and circumstellar matter|
|Published online||02 February 2016|
VUV spectroscopy of carbon dust analogs: contribution to interstellar extinction
1 Institut d’Astrophysique Spatiale (IAS), CNRS, Univ. Paris Sud, Université Paris-Saclay, 91405 Orsay, France
2 Institut des Sciences Moléculaires d’Orsay (ISMO), CNRS, Univ. Paris Sud, Université Paris-Saclay, 91405 Orsay, France
3 DISCO beam line, SOLEIL synchrotron, 91190 Saint-Aubin, France
Received: 31 July 2015
Accepted: 13 November 2015
Context. A full spectral characterization of carbonaceous dust analogs is necessary to understand their potential as carriers of observed astronomical spectral signatures such as the ubiquitous UV bump at 217.5 nm and the far-ultraviolet (FUV) rise common to interstellar extinction curves.
Aims. Our goal is to study the spectral properties of carbonaceous dust analogs from the FUV to the mid-infrared (MIR) domain. We seek in particular to understand the spectra of these materials in the FUV range, for which laboratory studies are scarce.
Methods. We produced analogs to carbonaceous interstellar dust encountered in various phases of the interstellar medium: amorphous hydrogenated carbons (a-C:H), for carbonaceous dust observed in the diffuse interstellar medium, and soot particles, for the polyaromatic component. Analogs to a-C:H dust were produced using a radio-frequency plasma reactor at low pressures, and soot nanoparticles films were produced in an ethylene (C2H4) flame. We measured transmission spectra of these thin films (thickness <100 nm) in the far-ultraviolet (190−250 nm) and in the vacuum-ultraviolet (VUV; 50−190 nm) regions using the APEX chamber at the DISCO beam line of the SOLEIL synchrotron radiation facility. These were also characterized through infrared microscopy at the SMIS beam line.
Results. We successfully measured the transmission spectra of these analogs from λ = 1 μm to 50 nm. From these, we extracted the laboratory optical constants via Kramers-Kronig inversion. We used these constants for comparison to existing interstellar extinction curves.
Conclusions. We extend the spectral measurements of these types of carbonaceous analogs into the VUV and link the spectral features in this range to the 3.4 μm band. We suggest that these two materials might contribute to different classes of interstellar extinction curves.
Key words: dust, extinction / infrared: ISM / ultraviolet: ISM / methods: laboratory: solid state / galaxies: ISM
© ESO, 2016
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