Volume 585, January 2016
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Published online||11 January 2016|
A statistical study of decaying kink oscillations detected using SDO/AIA
1 Centre for Fusion, Space and Astrophysics, Department of Physics, University of Warwick, CV4 7AL, UK
2 Astronomical Observatory at Pulkovo of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 196140 St. Petersburg, Russia
3 School of Space Research, Kyung Hee University, 446-701 Yongin, Gyeonggi, Korea
4 Space Research Institute (IKI) of Russian Academy of Sciences, Profsoyuznaya St. 84/32, 117997 Moscow, Russia
Received: 10 September 2015
Accepted: 4 November 2015
Context. Despite intensive studies of kink oscillations of coronal loops in the last decade, a large-scale statistically significant investigation of the oscillation parameters has not been made using data from the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO).
Aims. We carry out a statistical study of kink oscillations using extreme ultraviolet imaging data from a previously compiled catalogue.
Methods. We analysed 58 kink oscillation events observed by the Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA) on board SDO during its first four years of operation (2010–2014). Parameters of the oscillations, including the initial apparent amplitude, period, length of the oscillating loop, and damping are studied for 120 individual loop oscillations.
Results. Analysis of the initial loop displacement and oscillation amplitude leads to the conclusion that the initial loop displacement prescribes the initial amplitude of oscillation in general. The period is found to scale with the loop length, and a linear fit of the data cloud gives a kink speed of Ck = (1330 ± 50) km s-1. The main body of the data corresponds to kink speeds in the range Ck = (800−3300) km s-1. Measurements of 52 exponential damping times were made, and it was noted that at least 21 of the damping profiles may be better approximated by a combination of non-exponential and exponential profiles rather than a purely exponential damping envelope. There are nine additional cases where the profile appears to be purely non-exponential and no damping time was measured. A scaling of the exponential damping time with the period is found, following the previously established linear scaling between these two parameters.
Key words: Sun: corona / Sun: oscillations / methods: observational
© ESO, 2016
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