A tiny event producing an interplanetary type III burst⋆
1 Department of Physics, University of Ioannina, 45110 Ioannina, Greece
2 Technological Educational Institute of Lamia, 35100 Lamia, Greece
Received: 6 April 2015
Accepted: 28 July 2015
Aims. We investigate the conditions under which small-scale energy release events in the low corona gave rise to strong interplanetary (IP) type III bursts.
Methods. We analyzed observations of three tiny events, detected by the Nançay Radio Heliograph (NRH), two of which produced IP type III bursts. We took advantage of the NRH positioning information and of the high cadence of AIA/SDO data to identify the associated extreme-UV (EUV) emissions. We measured positions and time profiles of the metric and EUV sources.
Results. We found that the EUV events that produced IP type III bursts were located near a coronal hole boundary, while the one that did not was located in a closed magnetic field region. In all three cases tiny flaring loops were involved, without any associated mass eruption. In the best observed case, the radio emission at the highest frequency (435 MHz) was displaced by ~55′′ with respect to the small flaring loop. The metric type III emission shows a complex structure in space and in time, indicative of multiple electron beams, despite the low intensity of the events. From the combined analysis of dynamic spectra and NRH images, we derived the electron beam velocity as well as the height, ambient plasma temperature, and density at the level of formation of the 160 MHz emission. From the analysis of the differential emission measure derived from the AIA images, we found that the first evidence of energy release was at the footpoints, and this was followed by the development of flaring loops and subsequent cooling.
Conclusions. Even small energy release events can accelerate enough electrons to give rise to powerful IP type III bursts. The proximity of the electron acceleration site to open magnetic field lines facilitates the escape of the electrons into the interplanetary space. The offset between the site of energy release and the metric type III location warrants further investigation.
Key words: Sun: radio radiation / Sun: UV radiation / Sun: flares / Sun: corona / Sun: magnetic fields
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© ESO, 2015