Are the gyro-ages of field stars underestimated?
Konkoly Observatory, Budapest, Hungary
Received: 18 February 2015
Accepted: 16 June 2015
By using the current photometric rotational data on eight galactic open clusters, we show that the evolutionary stellar model (isochrone) ages of these clusters are tightly correlated with the period shifts applied to the (B − V)0–Prot ridges that optimally align these ridges to the one defined by Praesepe and the Hyades. On the other hand, when the traditional Skumanich-type multiplicative transformation is used, the ridges become far less aligned due to the age-dependent slope change introduced by the period multiplication. Therefore, we employ our simple additive gyro-age calibration on various datasets of Galactic field stars to test its applicability. We show that, in the overall sense, the gyro-ages are systematically greater than the isochrone ages. The difference could exceed several giga years, depending on the stellar parameters. Although the age overlap between the open clusters used in the calibration and the field star samples is only partial, the systematic difference indicates the limitation of the currently available gyro-age methods and suggests that the rotation of field stars slows down with a considerably lower speed than we would expect from the simple extrapolation of the stellar rotation rates in open clusters.
Key words: stars: rotation / starspots / open clusters and associations: general
© ESO, 2015