Volume 579, July 2015
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Published online||15 July 2015|
Super-solar metallicity at the position of the ultra-long GRB 130925A⋆
1 Max-Planck-Institut für Extraterrestrische Physik, Giessenbachstraße, 85748 Garching, Germany
2 European Southern Observatory, Alonso de Córdova 3107, Vitacura, Casilla 19001, Santiago 19, Chile
3 Thüringer Landessternwarte Tautenburg, Sternwarte 5, 07778 Tautenburg, Germany
4 Technische Universität München, Physik Dept., James-Franck-Straße, 85748 Garching, Germany
5 Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
6 INAF-IASF Bologna, Area della Ricerca CNR, via Gobetti 101, 40129 Bologna, Italy
7 Physics Dept., University of Calabria, via P. Bucci, 87036 Arcavacata di Rende, Italy
8 European Southern Observatory, Karl-Schwarzschild-Straße 2, 85748 Garching, Germany
9 Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leicester, University Road, Leicester LE1 7RH, UK
Received: 9 March 2015
Accepted: 26 May 2015
Over the last decade there has been immense progress in the follow-up of short and long gamma-ray bursts (GRBs), resulting in a significant rise in the detection rate of X-ray and optical afterglows, in the determination of GRB redshifts, and of the identification of the underlying host galaxies. Nevertheless, our theoretical understanding of the progenitors and central engines powering these vast explosions is lagging behind, and a newly identified class of ultra-long GRBs has fuelled speculation on the existence of a new channel of GRB formation. In this paper we present high signal-to-noise X-Shooter observations of the host galaxy of GRB 130925A, which is the fourth unambiguously identified ultra-long GRB, with prompt γ-ray emission detected for ~20 ks. The GRB line of sight was close to the host galaxy nucleus, and our spectroscopic observations cover this region along the bulge/disk of the galaxy and a bright star-forming region within the outskirts of the galaxy. From our broad wavelength coverage, we obtain accurate metallicity and dust-extinction measurements at the galaxy nucleus and at an outer star-forming region, and measure a super-solar metallicity at both locations, placing this galaxy within the 10–20% most metal-rich GRB host galaxies. Such a high metal enrichment has significant implications on the progenitor models of both long and ultra-long GRBs, although the edge-on orientation of the host galaxy does not allow us to rule out a large metallicity variation along our line of sight. The spatially resolved spectroscopic observations presented in this paper offer important insight into variations in the metal and dust abundance within GRB host galaxies. However, they also illustrate the need for integral field unit observations on a larger sample of GRB host galaxies of a variety of metallicities to provide a more quantitative view on the relation between the GRB circumburst environment and the galaxy-whole properties.
Key words: gamma-ray burst: individual: GRB 130925A / galaxies: individual: GRB 130925A / galaxies: abundances / dust, extinction
© ESO, 2015
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