Volume 577, May 2015
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Published online||13 May 2015|
Coronal magnetic field modeling using stereoscopy constraints
1 Max-Planck Institute for Solar System Research, 37077 Göttingen, Germany
2 Astronomical Institute of Romanian Academy, 040557 Bucharest, Romania
3 Technical University Braunschweig, 38106 Braunschweig, Germany
Received: 27 August 2013
Accepted: 26 February 2015
Aims. Nonlinear force-free field (NLFFF) extrapolation has been used extensively in the past to extrapolate solar surface magnetograms to stationary coronal field models. In theoretical tests with known boundary conditions, the nonlinear boundary value problem can be solved reliably. However, if the magnetogram is measured with errors, the extrapolation often yields field lines that disagree with the shapes of simultaneously observed and stereoscopically reconstructed coronal loops. We here propose an extension to an NLFFF extrapolation scheme that remedies this deficiency in that it incorporates the loop information in the extrapolation procedure.
Methods. We extended the variational formulation of the NLFFF optimization code by an additional term that monitors and minimizes the difference of the local magnetic field direction and the orientation of 3D plasma loops. We tested the performance of the new code with a previously reported semi-analytical force-free solution.
Results. We demonstrate that there is a range of force-free and divergence-free solutions that comply with the boundary measurements within some error bound. With our new approach we can obtain the solution out of this set the coronal fields which is well aligned with given loops.
Conclusions. We conclude that the shape of coronal loops reconstructed by stereoscopy may lead to an important stabilization of coronal NLFFF field solutions when, as is typically the case, magnetic surface measurements with limited precision do not allow determining the solution solely from photospheric field measurements.
Key words: Sun: magnetic fields / Sun: corona
© ESO, 2015
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