Shallow extra mixing in solar twins inferred from Be abundances ⋆
1 Departamento de Astronomia do IAG/USPUniversidade de São Paulo, Rua do Matão 1226, Cidade Universitária, 05508-900 São Paulo, SP, Brazil
2 Departamento de Física Teórica e Experimental, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, 59072-970 Natal, RN, Brazil
3 Research School of Astronomy and Astrophysics, The Australian National University, Cotter Road, Weston, ACT 2611, Australia
4 McDonald Observatory and Department of Astronomy, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712, USA
5 Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, USA
Received: 17 November 2014
Accepted: 10 March 2015
Context. Lithium and beryllium are destroyed at different temperatures in stellar interiors. As such, their relative abundances offer excellent probes of the nature and extent of mixing processes within and below the convection zone.
Aims. We determine Be abundances for a sample of eight solar twins for which Li abundances have previously been determined. The analyzed solar twins span a very wide range of age, 0.5–8.2 Gyr, which enables us to study secular evolution of Li and Be depletion.
Methods. We gathered high-quality UVES/VLT spectra and obtained Be abundances by spectral synthesis of the Be ii 313 nm doublet.
Results. The derived beryllium abundances exhibit no significant variation with age. The more fragile Li, however, exhibits a monotonically decreasing abundance with increasing age. Therefore, relatively shallow extra mixing below the convection zone is necessary to simultaneously account for the observed Li and Be behavior in the Sun and solar twins.
Key words: Sun: abundances / Sun: atmosphere / Sun: evolution / Sun: interior / stars: abundances / stars: interiors
© ESO, 2015