Volume 574, February 2015
|Number of page(s)||14|
|Published online||06 February 2015|
Kapteyn Astronomical Institute, University of Groningen,
PO Box 800
2 Laboratoire Lagrange, Université de Nice Sophia Antipolis, CNRS, Observatoire de la Côte d’Azur, BP 4229, 06304 Nice Cedex 4, France
3 Institute of Astronomy, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK
4 The University of Texas at Austin, McDonald Observatory, 32 Fowlkes Rd, McDonald Observatory, Tx 79734-3005, USA
5 Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Victoria, PO Box 3055, STN CSC, Victoria BC V8W 3P6, Canada
Received: 8 August 2014
Accepted: 5 November 2014
The origin of carbon-enhanced metal-poor (CEMP) stars and their possible connection with the chemical elements produced by the first stellar generation is still highly debated. In contrast to the Galactic halo, not many CEMP stars have been found in the dwarf spheroidal galaxies around the Milky Way. Here we present detailed abundances from ESO VLT/UVES high-resolution spectroscopy for ET0097, the first CEMP star found in the Sculptor dwarf spheroidal, which is one of the best studied dwarf galaxies in the Local Group. This star has [ Fe/H ] = −2.03 ± 0.10, [ C/Fe ] = 0.51 ± 0.10 and [ N/Fe ] = 1.18 ± 0.20, which is the first nitrogen measurement in this galaxy. The traditional definition of CEMP stars is [ C/Fe ] ≥ 0.70, but taking into account that this luminous red giant branch star has undergone mixing, it was intrinsically less nitrogen enhanced and more carbon-rich when it was formed, and so it falls under the definition of CEMP stars, as proposed by Aoki et al. (2007, ApJ, 655, 492) to account for this effect. By making corrections for this mixing, we conclude that the star had [ C/Fe ] ≈ 0.8 during its earlier evolutionary stages. Apart from the enhanced C and N abundances, ET0097 shows no peculiarities in other elements lighter than Zn, and no enhancement of the heavier neutron-capture elements (Ba, La, Ce, Nd, Sm, Eu, Dy), making this a CEMP-no star. However, the star does show signs of the weak r-process, with an overabundance of the lighter neutron-capture elements (Sr, Y, Zr). To explain the abundance pattern observed in ET0097, we explore the possibility that this star was enriched by primordial stars. In addition to the detailed abundances for ET0097, we present estimates and upper limits for C abundances in 85 other stars in Sculptor derived from CN molecular lines, including 11 stars with [ Fe/H ] ≤ −2. Combining these limits with observations from the literature, the fraction of CEMP-no stars in Sculptor seems to be significantly lower than in the Galactic halo.
Key words: stars: abundances / stars: individual: Sculptor dwarf spheroidal / galaxies: abundances / galaxies: dwarf / galaxies: evolution
Based on observations made with ESO telescopes at the La Silla Paranal observatory under program IDs 291.B-5036 (director’s discretionary time) and 089.B-0304(B).
Tables 4 and 6 are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (126.96.36.199) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/574/A129
© ESO, 2015
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