Volume 574, February 2015
|Number of page(s)||4|
|Section||Stellar structure and evolution|
|Published online||19 January 2015|
Classifying the secondary component of the binary star W Aquilae
Department of Earth and Space SciencesChalmers University of Technology,
Onsala Space Observatory,
2 Department of Astronomy, Stockholm University, AlbaNova University Center, 106 91 Stockholm, Sweden
Received: 19 February 2014
Accepted: 23 December 2014
Aims. The object W Aql is an asymptotic giant branch (AGB) star with a faint companion. By determining more carefully the properties of the companion, we hope to better constrain the properties of the AGB star.
Methods. We present new spectral observations of the binary star W Aql at minimum and maximum brightness and new photometric observations of W Aql at minimum brightness.
Results. The composite spectrum near minimum light is predominantly from the companion at wavelengths λ< 6000 Å. This spectrum can be classified as F8 to G0, and the brightness of the companion is that of a dwarf star. Therefore, it can be concluded that the companion is a main sequence star. From this, we are able to constrain the mass of the AGB component to 1.04–3 M⊙ and the mass of the W Aql system to 2.1–4.1 M⊙. Our photometric results are broadly consistent with this classification and suggest that the main sequence component suffers from approximately 2 mag of extinction in the V band primarily due to the dust surrounding the AGB component.
Key words: stars: atmospheres / binaries: spectroscopic / binaries: visual / stars: individual: W Aquilae
© ESO, 2015
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