Volume 574, February 2015
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Planets and planetary systems|
|Published online||02 February 2015|
Detection of the secondary eclipse of WASP-10b in the Ks-band⋆
Depto. de Astrofísica, Centro de Astrobiología (INTA-CSIC), ESAC campus, PO
Villanueva de la Cañada
2 Instituto de Astronomia, Geofísica e Ciências Atmosféricas, Universidade de São Paulo (IAG/USP), São Paulo, Brazil
3 Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, Niels Bohrweg 2, 2333 CA Leiden, The Netherlands
4 Harvard-Smithsonian Center For Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
5 Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, CB3 0 HA Cambridge, UK
6 Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of California, 1156 High Street, Santa Cruz, CA 95064, USA
Received: 25 January 2014
Accepted: 17 November 2014
Context. WASP-10b, a non-inflated hot Jupiter, was discovered around a K-dwarf in a near circular orbit (~0.06). Since its discovery in 2009, different published parameters for this system have led to a discussion about the size, density, and eccentricity of this exoplanet.
Aims. In order to test the hypothesis of a circular orbit for WASP-10b, we observed its secondary eclipse in the Ks-band, where the contribution of planetary light is high enough to be detected from the ground.
Methods. Observations were performed with the OMEGA2000 instrument at the 3.5 m telescope at Calar Alto (Almería, Spain), in staring mode during 5.4 continuous hours, with the telescope defocused, monitoring the target during the expected secondary eclipse. A relative light curve was generated and corrected from systematic effects, using the principal component analysis (PCA) technique. The final light curve was fitted using a transit model to find the eclipse depth and a possible phase shift.
Results. The best model obtained from the Markov chain Monte Carlo analysis resulted in an eclipse depth of ΔF of 0.137%+0.013%-0.019% and a phase offset of Δφ of −0.0028 +0.0005-0.0004. The eclipse phase offset derived from our modeling has systematic errors that were not taken into account and should not be considered as evidence of an eccentric orbit. The offset in phase obtained leads to a value for | ecosω | of 0.0044. The derived eccentricity is too small to be of any significance.
Key words: planetary systems / stars: individual: WASP-10 / techniques: photometric
© ESO, 2015
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