Volume 572, December 2014
|Number of page(s)||18|
|Section||Numerical methods and codes|
|Published online||26 November 2014|
Accelerating the cosmic microwave background map-making procedure through preconditioning
1 INRIA Saclay-Île de France, 91893 Orsay, France
2 INRIA Rocquencourt, Alpines, BP 105, 78153 Le Chesnay Cedex, France
3 UPMC Univ. Paris 06, CNRS UMR 7598, Laboratoire Jacques-Louis Lions, 75005 Paris, France
4 AstroParticule et Cosmologie, Univ. Paris Diderot, CNRS/IN2P3, CEA/Irfu, Obs. de Paris, Sorbonne Paris Cité, France
Received: 6 December 2013
Accepted: 30 July 2014
Estimation of the sky signal from sequences of time ordered data is one of the key steps in cosmic microwave background (CMB) data analysis, commonly referred to as the map-making problem. Some of the most popular and general methods proposed for this problem involve solving generalised least-squares (GLS) equations with non-diagonal noise weights given by a block-diagonal matrix with Toeplitz blocks. In this work, we study new map-making solvers potentially suitable for applications to the largest anticipated data sets. They are based on iterative conjugate gradient (CG) approaches enhanced with novel, parallel, two-level preconditioners. We apply the proposed solvers to examples of simulated non-polarised and polarised CMB observations and a set of idealised scanning strategies with sky coverage ranging from a nearly full sky down to small sky patches. We discuss their implementation for massively parallel computational platforms and their performance for a broad range of parameters that characterise the simulated data sets in detail. We find that our best new solver can outperform carefully optimised standard solvers used today by a factor of as much as five in terms of the convergence rate and a factor of up to four in terms of the time to solution, without significantly increasing the memory consumption and the volume of inter-processor communication. The performance of the new algorithms is also found to be more stable and robust and less dependent on specific characteristics of the analysed data set. We therefore conclude that the proposed approaches are well suited to address successfully challenges posed by new and forthcoming CMB data sets.
Key words: methods: numerical / methods: data analysis / cosmic background radiation / cosmology: miscellaneous
© ESO, 2014
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