This article has an erratum: [erratum]
Volume 570, October 2014
|Number of page(s)||21|
|Section||Stellar structure and evolution|
|Published online||06 October 2014|
KIC 10526294: a slowly rotating B star with rotationally split, quasi-equally spaced gravity modes⋆,⋆⋆
1 Instituut voor Sterrenkunde, KU Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 200D 3001 Leuven Belgium
2 Department of Astrophysics, IMAPP, Radboud University Nijmegen, PO Box 9010, 6500 GL Nijmegen, The Netherlands
3 Astrophysics Group, Keele University, Staffordshire, ST5 5BG, UK
Received: 29 April 2014
Accepted: 1 July 2014
Context. Massive stars are important for the chemical enrichment of the universe. Since internal mixing processes influence their lives, it is very important to place constraints on the corresponding physical parameters, such as core overshooting and the internal rotation profile, so as to calibrate their stellar structure and evolution models. Although asteroseismology has been shown to be able to deliver the most precise constraints so far, the number of detailed seismic studies delivering quantitative results is limited.
Aims. Our goal is to extend this limited sample with an in-depth case study and provide a well-constrained set of asteroseismic parameters, contributing to the ongoing mapping efforts of the instability strips of the β Cep and slowly pulsating B (SPB) stars.
Methods. We derived fundamental parameters from high-resolution spectra using spectral synthesis techniques. We used custom masks to obtain optimal light curves from the original pixel level data from the Kepler satellite. We used standard time-series analysis tools to construct a set of significant pulsation modes that provide the basis for the seismic analysis carried out afterwards.
Results. We find that KIC 10526294 is a cool SPB star, one of the slowest rotators ever found. Despite this, the length of Kepler observations is sufficient to resolve narrow rotationally split multiplets for each of its nineteen quasi-equally spaced dipole modes. The number of detected consecutive (in radial order) dipole modes in this series is higher than ever before. The observed amount of splitting shows an increasing trend towards longer periods, which – largely independent of the seismically calibrated stellar models – points towards a non-rigid internal rotation profile. From the average splitting we deduce a rotation period of ~188 days. From seismic modelling, we find that the star is young with a central hydrogen mass fraction Xc> 0.64; it has a core overshooting αov ≤ 0.15.
Key words: asteroseismology / stars: variables: general / stars: early-type / stars: fundamental parameters / stars: oscillations / stars: rotation
Based on observations made with the William Herschel Telescope operated by the Isaac Newton Group on the island of La Palma at the Spanish Observatorio del Roque de los Muchachos of the Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias.
Appendices are available in electronic form at http://www.aanda.org
© ESO, 2014
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