A multiwavelength study of the hierarchical triple HD 181068
A test bed for studying star-planet interaction?
Hamburger Sternwarte, Universität Hamburg, Gojenbergsweg 112, 21029 Hamburg, Germany
Received: 25 March 2014
Accepted: 8 August 2014
HD 181068 is the only compact, triply eclipsing, hierarchical triple system containing a giant star that is known to date. With its central, highly active G-type giant orbited by a close pair of main-sequence dwarfs, the system is ideal for studying tidal interactions. We carried out a multiwavelength study to characterize the magnetic activity of the HD 181068 system. To this end, we obtained in- and out-of-eclipse X-ray snapshots with XMM-Newton and an optical spectrum, which we analyzed along with the Kepler light curve. The primary giant shows strong quiescent X-ray emission at a level of 2 × 1031 erg s-1, an S-index of 0.41 ± 0.01, and marked white-light flares releasing up to 6 × 1038 erg in the Kepler band. During the second X-ray observation, we found a three-times elevated – yet decaying – level of X-ray emission, which might be due to an X-ray flare. The high level of magnetic activity is compatible with the previously reported absence of solar-like oscillations in the giant, whose atmosphere, however, undergoes tidally induced oscillations imposed by the changing configuration of the dwarf-binary. We found that the driving force exciting these oscillations is comparable to the disturbances produced by a typical hot Jupiter, making the system a potential test bed for studying the effects of tidal interactions also present in planetary systems.
Key words: stars: activity / X-rays: stars / planet-star interactions / stars: individual: HD 181068
© ESO, 2014