Volume 569, September 2014
|Number of page(s)||24|
|Section||Stellar structure and evolution|
|Published online||11 September 2014|
Age and mass of the CoRoT exoplanet host HD 52265
Observatoire de Paris, GEPI, CNRS UMR 8111,
2 Institut de Physique de Rennes, Université de Rennes 1, CNRS UMR 6251, 35042 Rennes, France
3 Observatoire de Paris, LESIA, CNRS UMR 8109, 92195 Meudon, France
Accepted: 29 May 2014
Context. In the context of the space missions CoRoT, Kepler, Gaia, TESS, and PLATO, precise and accurate stellar ages, masses, and radii are of paramount importance. For instance, they are crucial for constraining scenarii of planetary formation and evolution.
Aims. We aim at quantifying how detailed stellar modelling can improve the accuracy and precision on age and mass of individual stars. To that end, we adopt a multifaceted approach where we carefully examine how the number of observational constraints as well as the uncertainties on observations and on model input physics affect the results of age-dating and weighing.
Methods. We modelled in detail the exoplanet host-star HD 52265, a main-sequence, solar-like oscillator that CoRoT observed for four months. We considered different sets of observational constraints (Hertzsprung-Russell data, metallicity, various sets of seismic constraints). For each case, we determined the age, mass, and properties of HD 52265 inferred from stellar models, and we quantified the impact of the model input physics and free parameters. We also compared model ages with ages derived by empirical methods or Hertzsprung-Russell diagram inversion.
Results. For our case study HD 52265, our seismic analysis provides an age A = 2.10−2.54 Gyr, a mass M = 1.14−1.32 M⊙, and a radius R = 1.30−1.34 R⊙, which corresponds to age, mass, and radius uncertainties of ~10, ~7, and ~1.5 per cent, respectively. These uncertainties account for observational errors and current state-of-the-art stellar model uncertainties. Our seismic study also provides constraints on surface convection properties through the mixing-length, which we find to be 12−15 per cent lower than the solar value. On the other hand, because of helium-mass degeneracy, the initial helium abundance is determined modulo the mass value. Finally, we evaluate the seismic mass of the exoplanet to be Mpsini = 1.17−1.26 MJupiter, much more precise than what can be derived by Hertzsprung-Russell diagram inversion.
Conclusions. We demonstrate that asteroseismology allows us to substantially improve the age accuracy that can be achieved with other methods. We emphasize that the knowledge of the mean properties of stellar oscillations – such as the large frequency separation – is not enough to derive accurate ages. We need precise individual frequencies to narrow the age scatter that is a result of the model input physics uncertainties. Further progress is required to better constrain the physics at work in stars and the stars helium content. Our results emphasize the importance of precise classical stellar parameters and oscillation frequencies such as will be obtained by the Gaia and PLATO missions.
Key words: asteroseismology / stars: evolution / stars: fundamental parameters / planets and satellites: fundamental parameters / stars: individual: HD 52265 / stars: interiors
Tables 4, 5, and A.2–A.5 are also available in electronic form at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (184.108.40.206) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/569/A21
Appendices are available in electronic form at http://www.aanda.org
© ESO, 2014
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