Volume 569, September 2014
|Number of page(s)||18|
|Section||Catalogs and data|
|Published online||29 September 2014|
Optical imaging for the Spitzer Survey of Stellar Structure in Galaxies⋆
Data release and notes on interacting galaxies
1 Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, 38200 La Laguna, Spain
2 Departamento de Astrofísica, Universidad de La Laguna, 38206 La Laguna, Spain
3 Space Dynamics Group, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain
4 Konkoly Observatory, Research Centre for Astronomy and Earth Sciences, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Konkoly Thege Miklós út 15-17, 1121 Budapest, Hungary
5 186 Thorndon Avenue, West Horndon, Essex, CM13 3TP, UK
Received: 31 October 2013
Accepted: 29 May 2014
Context. The Spitzer Survey for Stellar Structure in Galaxies (S4G) and its more recently approved extension will lead to a set of 3.6 and 4.5 μm images for 2829 galaxies, which can be used to study many different aspects of the structure and evolution of local galaxies.
Aims. We have collected and re-reduced optical images of 1768 of the survey galaxies, aiming to make these available to the community as ready-to-use FITS files to be used in conjunction with the mid-IR images. Our sky-subtraction and mosaicking procedures were optimised for imaging large galaxies. We also produce false-colour images of some of these galaxies to be used for illustrative and public outreach purposes.
Methods. We collected and re-processed images in five bands from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey for 1657 galaxies, which are publicly released with the publication of this paper. We observed, in only the g-band, an additional 111 S4G galaxies in the northern hemisphere with the 2.5 m Liverpool Telescope, so that optical imaging is released for 1768 galaxies, or for 62% of the S4G sample. We visually checked all images. We noted interactions and close companions in our optical data set and in the S4G sample, confirming them by determining the galaxies’ radial velocities and magnitudes in the NASA-IPAC Extragalactic Database.
Results. We find that 17% of the S4G galaxies (21% of those brighter than 13.5 mag) have a close companion (within a radius of five times the diameter of the sample galaxy, a recession velocity within ± 200 km s-1 and not more than 3 mag fainter) and that around 5% of the bright part of the S4G sample show significant morphological evidence of an ongoing interaction. This confirms and further supports previous estimates of these fractions.
Conclusions. The over 8000 science images described in this paper, the re-processed Sloan Digital Sky Survey ones, the new Liverpool Telescope images, the set of 29 false-colour pictures, and the catalogue of companion and interacting galaxies, are all publicly released for general use for scientific, illustrative, or public outreach purposes.
Key words: galaxies: structure / galaxies: interactions / surveys
Full Tables 1 and 2 and FITS files of the images are available at the Centre de Données astronomiques de Strasbourg (CDS) via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (18.104.22.168) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/569/A91 The images are also offered through the NASA/IPAC Extragalactic Database (NED).
© ESO, 2014
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