Volume 568, August 2014
|Number of page(s)||12|
|Published online||29 August 2014|
A new sample of X-ray selected narrow emission-line galaxies
I. The nature of optically elusive AGN
Department of Physics & Astronomy, University of Leicester, Leicester, LE1 7RH, UK
Received: 21 March 2014
Accepted: 15 July 2014
Using the 3XMM catalogue of serendipitous X-ray sources, and the SDSS-DR9 spectroscopic catalogue, we have obtained a new sample of X-ray selected narrow emission line galaxies. The standard optical diagnostic diagram and selection by hard X-ray luminosity expose a mismatch between the optically-based and X-ray-based classifications. The nature of these misclassified elusive AGN can be understood in terms of their broader X-ray and optical properties and leads to a division of this sub-sample into two groups. A little more than half are likely to be narrow-line Seyfert 1s (NLS1s), so misclassified because of the contribution of the broad line region to their optical spectra. The remainder have some of the properties of Seyfert 2 (Sy2) AGN; their optical elusiveness can be explained by optical dilution from the host galaxy plus a star-formation contribution and by their underluminous optical emission due to low accretion rates. Because some of the Sy2 sources have very low accretion rates, are unabsorbed, plus the fact that they lack broad optical emission lines, they are good candidates to be true Sy2 AGN.
Key words: galaxies: active / galaxies: Seyfert / X-rays: galaxies
© ESO, 2014
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