Volume 567, July 2014
|Number of page(s)||12|
|Section||Galactic structure, stellar clusters and populations|
|Published online||10 July 2014|
The Gaia-ESO Survey: the first abundance determination of the pre-main-sequence cluster gamma Velorum⋆,⋆⋆
INAF – Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, Largo E. Fermi,
2 Università degli Studi di Firenze, Dipartimento di Fisica e Astrofisica, Sezione di Astronomia, Largo E. Fermi, 2, 50125 Firenze, Italy
3 INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Palermo, Piazza del Parlamento 1, 90134 Palermo, Italy
4 Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía-CSIC, Apdo. 3004, 18080 Granada, Spain
5 INAF – Osservatorio Astrofisico di Catania, via S. Sofia, 78, 95123 Catania, Italy
6 Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias (IAC), 38205, La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
7 Depto. Astrofisica, Universidad de La Laguna (ULL), 38206, La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
8 Centro de Astrofisica, Universidade do Porto, Rua das Estrelas, 4150-762 Porto, Portugal
9 Departamento de Física e Astronomia, Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade do Porto, Rua do Campo Alegre, 4169-007 Porto, Portugal
10 Departamento de Astrofisica, Universidad Complutense de Madrid (UCM), 28040 Madrid, Spain
11 Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK
12 Lund Observatory, Department of Astronomy and Theoretical Physics, Box 43, 221 00 Lund, Sweden
13 Astrophysics Group, Research Institute for the Environment, Physical Sciences and Applied Mathematics, Keele University, Keele, Staffordshire ST5 5BG, UK
14 INAF – Padova Observatory, Vicolo dell’Osservatorio 5, 35122 Padova, Italy
15 INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Bologna, via Ranzani 1, 40127 Bologna, Italy
16 Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Sezione Astrofisica, Universitá di Catania, via S. Sofia 78, 95123 Catania, Italy
17 ASI Science Data Center, via del Politecnico SNC, 00133 Roma, Italy
18 Université de Nice Sophia Antipolis, CNRS, Observatoire de la Côte d’Azur, BP 4229, 06304 Nice Cedex 4, France
19 Department for Astrophysics, Nicolaus Copernicus Astronomical Center, ul. Rabiańska 8, 87-100 Toruń, Poland
20 European Southern Observatory, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 2, 85748 Garching bei München, Germany
Received: 28 January 2014
Accepted: 21 April 2014
Context. Knowledge of the abundance distribution of star forming regions and young clusters is critical to investigate a variety of issues, from triggered star formation and chemical enrichment by nearby supernova explosions to the ability to form planetary systems. In spite of this, detailed abundance studies are currently available for relatively few regions.
Aims. In this context, we present the analysis of the metallicity of the gamma Velorum cluster, based on the products distributed in the first internal release of the Gaia-ESO Survey.
Methods. The gamma Velorum candidate members have been observed with FLAMES, using both UVES and Giraffe, depending on the target brightness and spectral type. In order to derive a solid metallicity determination for the cluster, membership of the observed stars must be first assessed. To this aim, we use several membership criteria including radial velocities, surface gravity estimates, and the detection of the photospheric lithium line.
Results. Out of the 80 targets observed with UVES, we identify 14 high-probability members. We find that the metallicity of the cluster is slightly subsolar, with a mean [ Fe/H ] = −0.057 ± 0.018 dex. Although J08095427-4721419 is one of the high-probability members, its metallicity is significantly larger than the cluster average. We speculate about its origin as the result of recent accretion episodes of rocky bodies of ~60 M⊕ hydrogen-depleted material from the circumstellar disk.
Key words: stars: abundances / stars: pre-main sequence / open clusters and associations: individual: gamma Velorum / techniques: spectroscopic
Based on observations collected at the ESO telescopes under programme 188.B3002, the Gaia-ESO large public spectroscopic survey.
Full Tables 1–4 are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (188.8.131.52) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/567/A55
© ESO, 2014
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