Volume 565, May 2014
|Number of page(s)||4|
|Published online||01 May 2014|
Planck confirmation of the disk and halo rotation of M 31
1 Dipartimento di Matematica e Fisica “E. De Giorgi”Università del Salento, via per Arnesano, 73100 Lecce, Italy
2 INFN, Sez. di Lecce, via per Arnesano, 73100 Lecce, Italy
3 Yerevan Physics Institute and Yerevan State University, 375049 Yerevan, Armenia
4 Physik-Institut, Universität Zürich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, 8057 Zürich, Switzerland
5 Centre for Advanced Mathematics and Physics, National University of Sciences and Technology, 46000 Rawalpindi, Pakistan
6 Department of Physics, University of Trento and TIFPA/INFN, 38123 Povo, Italy
Received: 20 March 2014
Accepted: 15 April 2014
Planck data acquired during the first 15.4 months of observations toward both the disk and halo of the M 31 galaxy were analyzed. We confirm the temperature asymmetry that was previously detected by using the seven-year WMAP data in the direction of the rotation of M 31, which indicates that this is a Doppler-induced effect. The asymmetry extends to about 10° (≃130 kpc) from the center of M 31. We also investigated the recent problem raised in Rubin and Loeb (2014, JCAP, 01, 051) about the kinetic Sunyaev-Zel’dovich effect from the diffuse hot gas in the Local Group, which is predicted to generate a hot spot of a few degrees in size in the cosmic microwave background maps in the direction of M 31, where the free electron optical depth is highest. We also considered whether the same effect in the opposite direction with respect to the M 31 galaxy induces a minimum in temperature in the Planck maps of the sky. We find that the Planck data at 100 GHz show an even stronger effect than that expected.
Key words: galaxies: general / galaxies: individual: M 31 / galaxies: halos
© ESO, 2014
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